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Human Capital And Wages In Two Leading Industries Of Tunisia: Evidence From Matched Worker-Firm Data

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Author Info

  • Christophe Muller

    ()
    (Universidad de Alicante)

  • Christophe Nordman

    ()
    (DIAL, París)

Abstract

From Tunisian matched worker-firm data in 1999, we study the returns to human capital for workers observed in two leading manufacturing sectors. Workers in the mechanical and electrical industries (IMMEE) benefit from higher returns to human capital than their counterparts in the Textile-clothing industry. In the IMMEE firms, low wage workers experience greater returns to labour market experience than high wage workers. The wage premium for on-the-job training is substantial for both sectors. However, taking into account whether formal training is still ongoing at the time of the survey, our results clearly indicate that workers bear heavy costs for their training. Our analysis shows that on-the-job training (OJT) and education can be efficient channels of policies aiming at raising earnings for low wages as well as high wages workers. However, careful consideration of the industrial sector should accompany these policies since specific impact of education, experience, OJT are found in the studied sectors.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasad/wpasad-2005-07.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie AD with number 2005-07.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasad:2005-07

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Related research

Keywords: wage; returns to human capital; matched worker-firm data; quantile regressions; Tunisia;

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References

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  1. Muller, Christophe & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2004. "Which Human Capital Matters for Rich and Poor’s Wages? Evidence from Matched Worker-Firm Data from Tunisia," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4462, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Christophe Nordman, 2002. "Diffusion du capital humain et effets d'entreprise. Approche par frontière de gains sur données appariées marocaines et tunisiennes," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(3), pages 647-658.
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  9. Martins, Pedro S. & Pereira, Pedro T., 2004. "Does education reduce wage inequality? Quantile regression evidence from 16 countries," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 355-371, June.
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  20. repec:cup:etheor:v:11:y:1995:i:1:p:105-21 is not listed on IDEAS
  21. Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis & Kenneth R. Troske & John M. Abowd, 2000. "Politiques salariales et performances des entreprises : une comparaison France/États-Unis," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 332(1), pages 27-38.
  22. Hahn, Jinyong, 1995. "Bootstrapping Quantile Regression Estimators," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(01), pages 105-121, February.
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  25. Moshe Buchinsky, 2001. "Quantile regression with sample selection: Estimating women's return to education in the U.S," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 87-113.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Christophe Muller, Christophe J. Nordman, 2008. "Intra-Firm Human Capital Externalities in Tunisia," THEMA Working Papers 2008-38, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  2. Christophe Muller & Christophe J. Nordman, 2012. "Wages and On-the-Job Training in Tunisia," AMSE Working Papers 1222, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France.

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