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Diffusion du capital humain et effets d'entreprise. Approche par frontière de gains sur données appariées marocaines et tunisiennes

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  • Christophe Nordman

Abstract

[fre] Cet article propose une estimation, sur des données appariées marocaines et tunisiennes, des effets externes du capital humain sur les gains et des différentiels de gains interentreprises. Les données permettent d'introduire dans une fonction de gains les facteurs organisationnels et le capital humain moyen des entreprises. Les résultats montrent que le travail en groupe et la polyvalence stimulent l'externalité positive de l'éducation sur les gains. Les différentiels de gains interentreprises des Marocains s'expliquent par des compensations de salaire pour les conditions de travail. Les pratiques salariales des employeurs tunisiens pourraient être justifiées par des approches alternatives (salaire d'efficience). La technique d'estimation permet d'isoler la répartition des « inefficiences salariales » des employés. [eng] Human capital diffusion and firm effects: an earnings frontier approach on moroccan and tunisian data. . This article proposes an estimation on Moroccan and Tunisian matched data of the human capital external effects on wages and of interfirms wage differentials. The data allow to introduce the organizational features and the average human capital of firms into an earnings function. The results show that teamwork and job rotation stimulate a positive externality of education on earnings. Interfirms wage differentials of Moroccans are explained by compensating wages for working conditions. The wage practices of Tunisian employers could be justified by alternative approaches (efficiency wages). The estimation technique allows to isolate and to examine the distribution of the "wage inefficiency" of employees.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 647-658

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410434

Note: DOI:10.2307/3502994
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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Cited by:
  1. Christophe Muller, Christophe J. Nordman, 2008. "Intra-Firm Human Capital Externalities in Tunisia," THEMA Working Papers 2008-38, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  2. Christophe Muller & Christophe Nordman, 2011. "Within-Firm Human Capital Externalities in Tunisia," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(4), pages 657-675.
  3. Christophe Muller & Christophe Nordman, 2004. "Which Human Capital Matters For Rich And Poor'S Wages: Evidence From Matched Worker-Firm Data From Tunisia," Working Papers. Serie AD, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) 2004-28, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  4. Christophe Muller & Christophe J. Nordman, 2012. "Wages and On-the-Job Training in Tunisia," Working Papers halshs-00793383, HAL.
  5. Christophe Muller & Christophe Nordman, 2005. "Human capital and wages in two leading industries in Tunisia: evidence from matched worker-firm data," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 48(1-2), pages 183-208.
  6. Christophe Muller & Christophe Nordman, 2006. "Wages and Human Capital in Exporting Firms in Morocco," Working Papers, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) DT/2006/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).

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