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Networks and Selection in International Migration to Spain

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  • Nina Neubecker

    ()

  • Marcel Smolka

    ()

  • Anne Steinbacher

Abstract

This paper analyzes the role of ethnic communities in shaping the recent immigration boom to Spain. We find that ethnic communities exerted a strong positive effect on the scale and a strong negative effect on the skill structure of this immigration. Unlike previous studies, we explicitly acknowledge similarities among final migration destinations and thus partly relax the independence of irrelevant alternatives assumption. We strengthen our causal interpretation by controlling for observed and unobserved heterogeneity in bilateral migration costs, and by adopting an instrumental variables approach. Our results suggest that previous estimates of the scale effect are upward-biased by approximately 50%.

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File URL: http://www.iaw.edu/RePEc/iaw/pdf/iaw_dp_83.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW) in its series IAW Discussion Papers with number 83.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iaw:iawdip:83

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Keywords: international migration; ethnic networks; family and friends effect; skill structure of migration; Spain;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Neubecker, Nina & Smolka, Marcel, 2013. "Co-national and cross-national pulls in international migration to Spain," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 51-61.
  2. Neubecker, Nina & Smolka, Marcel, 2012. "Co-national and transnational networks in international migration to Spain," University of Tuebingen Working Papers in Economics and Finance 46, University of Tuebingen, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences.

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