Ethnic Unemployment Rates and Frictional Markets
AbstractThe unemployment rate in France is roughly 6 percentage points higher for African immigrants than for natives. In the US the unemployment rate is approximately 9 percentage points higher for blacks than for whites. Commute time data indicates that minorities face longer commute times to work, potentially reecting more di cult access to jobs. In this paper we investigate the impact of spatial mismatch on the unemployment rate of ethnic groups using the matching model proposed by Rupert and Wasmer (2012). We nd that spatial factors explain from 1 to 1.5 percentage points of the unemployment rate gap in both France and the US, amounting to 17% to 25% of the relative gap in France and about 10% to 17.5% in the US. Among these factors, di erences in commuting distance play the most important role. In France, though, longer commuting distances may be mitigated by higher mobility in the housing market for African workers. Overall, we still conclude that labor market factors remain the main explanation for the higher unemployment rate of Africans.
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Date of creation: 30 Jul 2013
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Discrimination ; Ethnic groups ; Local markets ; Matching models;
Other versions of this item:
- Gobillon, Laurent & Rupert, Peter & Wasmer, Etienne, 2013. "Ethnic Unemployment Rates and Frictional Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 9507, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Gobillon, Laurent & Rupert, Peter & Wasmer, Etienne, 2013. "Ethnic Unemployment Rates and Frictional Markets," IZA Discussion Papers 7448, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-08-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2013-08-10 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2013-08-10 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2013-08-10 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-URE-2013-08-10 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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