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Food Standards are Good – for Middle-Class Farmers

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  • Henrik Hansen

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Neda Trifković

    ()
    (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

We estimate the causal effect of food standards on Vietnamese pangasius farmers’ wellbeing measured by per capita consumption expenditure. We estimate both the average effects and the local average treatment effects on poorer and richer farmers by instrumental variable quantile regression. Our results indicate that large returns can be accrued from food standards, but only for the upper middle-class farmers, i.e., those between the 50% and 85% quantiles of the expenditure distribution. Overall, our result points to an exclusionary impact of standards for the poorest farmers while the richest do not apply standards because the added gain is too small.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics in its series IFRO Working Paper with number 2013/19.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:foi:wpaper:2013_19

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Web page: http://www.ifro.ku.dk/
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Keywords: food standards; pangasius; instrumental variable; quantile regression; Vietnam; Asia;

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