Labor Complementarities and Health in the Agricultural Household
AbstractModels of the agricultural household have traditionally relied on assumptions regarding the complementarity or substitutability of family labor inputs. We show how data on time allocations, health shocks and corresponding treatment choices can be used to test these assumptions. Data from Tanzania provide evidence that complementarities exist and can explain the pattern of labor supply adjustments across household members and productive activities following acute sickness. In particular, we find that sick and healthy household members both shift labor away from self-employment and into farming when the sick recover more quickly. Infra-marginal adjustments within farming activity types provide further evidence of farm-specific complementarities.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economic Growth Center, Yale University in its series Working Papers with number 996.
Length: 57 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2011
Date of revision:
intra-household allocation; health shocks; complementarity;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets
- O12 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2011-06-18 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2011-06-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2011-06-18 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2011-06-18 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2011-06-18 (Labour Economics)
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