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Labor effects of adult mortality in Tanzanian households

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  • Beegle, Kathleen

Abstract

Due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, sub-Saharan populations are challenged with increasing adult mortality rates that have potentially profound economic implications. Yet, little is known about the impact of adult deaths in African households. Using panel data from Tanzania, this paper will explore how prime-age adult mortality impacts the time allocation of surviving household members and the portfolio of household farming activities. Analysis of farm and chore hours across demographic groups generally found small and insignificant changes in labor supply of individuals in households experiencing a prime-age adult death. While some farm activities are temporarily scaled back and wage employment falls after a male death, households did not shift cultivation towards subsistence food farming and did not appear to have reduced their diversification over income sources more than six months after a death.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3062.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2003
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3062

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Keywords: Demographics; Public Health Promotion; Health Economics&Finance; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Housing&Human Habitats; Health Economics&Finance; Environmental Economics&Policies; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Demographics; Housing&Human Habitats;

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  1. Robert M. Townsend, . "Risk and Insurance in Village India," University of Chicago - Population Research Center, Chicago - Population Research Center 91-3a, Chicago - Population Research Center.
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  12. Mueller, Eva, 1984. "The value and allocation of time in rural Botswana," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1-3), pages 329-360.
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  14. Khandker, Shahidur R, 1988. "Determinants of Women's Time Allocation in Rural Bangladesh," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(1), pages 111-26, October.
  15. Fafchamps, Marcel, 1993. "Sequential Labor Decisions under Uncertainty: An Estimable Household Model of West-African Farmers," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 61(5), pages 1173-97, September.
  16. Robalino, David A. & Jenkins, Carol & El Maroufi, Karim, 2002. "Risks and macroeconomic impacts of HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa : why waiting to intervene can be costly," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2874, The World Bank.
  17. Pitt, Mark M & Rosenzweig, Mark R, 1990. "Estimating the Intrahousehold Incidence of Illness: Child Health and Gender-Inequality in the Allocation of Time," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 31(4), pages 969-80, November.
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