Labor effects of adult mortality in Tanzanian households
AbstractDue to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, sub-Saharan populations are challenged with increasing adult mortality rates that have potentially profound economic implications. Yet, little is known about the impact of adult deaths in African households. Using panel data from Tanzania, this paper will explore how prime-age adult mortality impacts the time allocation of surviving household members and the portfolio of household farming activities. Analysis of farm and chore hours across demographic groups generally found small and insignificant changes in labor supply of individuals in households experiencing a prime-age adult death. While some farm activities are temporarily scaled back and wage employment falls after a male death, households did not shift cultivation towards subsistence food farming and did not appear to have reduced their diversification over income sources more than six months after a death.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3062.
Date of creation: 01 May 2003
Date of revision:
Demographics; Public Health Promotion; Health Economics&Finance; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Housing&Human Habitats; Health Economics&Finance; Environmental Economics&Policies; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Demographics; Housing&Human Habitats;
Other versions of this item:
- Beegle, Kathleen, 2005. "Labor Effects of Adult Mortality in Tanzanian Households," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(3), pages 655-83, April.
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