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  • Sergio Clavijo


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    Las discusiones TLC-ALCA hacen pertinente revisar los problemas de crecimiento, apertura y consolidación institucional en Colombia. Dichas negociaciones trascienden los temas arancelarios e incluyen derechos de propiedad y organización institucional. El crecimiento del ingreso real per-capita de América Latina presenta un rezago abismal respecto al del Sudeste Asiático (1,5% vs. 4,8% anual durante 1965-2004), agravándose durante el periodo post-crisis 1997-2004. Mientras Asia ha duplicado su ingreso per-capita cada quince años, América Latina ha tenido que esperar casi medio siglo y Colombia cerca de 40 años. Las negociaciones TLC-ALCA posibilitan modernizar nuestra economía y mejorar la organización institucional. Ningún país en vías en desarrollo ha logrado consolidar su crecimiento sin volcarse sobre el mercado externo. Para sostener el camino de desarrollo no existe formula diferente a la de aplicar buenas políticas económicas: baja inflación, tasas de cambio flexibles, un buen régimen tributario (con adecuada progresividad social), descentralización fiscal. Esto se verá reforzado a medida que se mejore la organización Estatal y es aquí donde las negociaciones internacionales deben constituirse en un buen “anclaje” institucional.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 002232.

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    Length: 21
    Date of creation: 30 Sep 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:col:000094:002232

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    Keywords: Crecimiento y Apertura;

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    1. Acemoglu, Daron & Johnson, Simon & Robinson, James A & Thaicharoen, Yunyong, 2002. "Institutional Causes, Macroeconomic Symptoms: Volatility, Crises and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 3575, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Brian Snowdon & Joseph Stiglitz, 2001. "Redefining the Role of the State," World Economics, World Economics, Economic & Financial Publishing, 1 Ivory Square, Plantation Wharf, London, United Kingdom, SW11 3UE, vol. 2(3), pages 45-86, July.
    3. Basu, Kaushik, 2003. "Globalization and the Politics of International Finance: The Stiglitz Verdict," Working Papers 03-04, Cornell University, Center for Analytic Economics.
    4. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2001. "The disturbing 'rise' of global income inequality," Economics Working Papers 616, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Apr 2002.
    5. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2000. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 7771, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Williamson, John, 2000. "What Should the World Bank Think about the Washington Consensus?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 15(2), pages 251-64, August.
    7. Miles Kenneth LIGHT & Thomas Fox RUTHERFORD, 2003. "Free Trade Area of the Americas. An impact Assessment for Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002744, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    8. M. Ayhan Kose & Kenneth Rogoff & Eswar Prasad & Shang-Jin Wei, 2003. "Effects of Financial Globalization on Developing Countries," IMF Occasional Papers 220, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Rodrik, Dani, 2005. "Growth Strategies," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 14, pages 967-1014 Elsevier.
    10. Stanley Fischer, 2003. "Globalization and Its Challenges," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 1-30, May.
    11. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi, 2002. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 9305, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Sergio Clavijo, 2003. "CRECIMIENTO, PRODUCTIVIDAD Y LA 'NUEVA ECONOMÍA': Implicaciones para Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002231, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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    Cited by:
    1. Clara Patricia Martín & Juan Mauricio Ramírez, . "El Impacto Económico de un Acuerdo Parcial de Libre Comercio entre Colombia y Estados Unidos," Borradores de Economia 326, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.


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