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Policies against Human Trafficking: The Role of Religion and Political Institutions

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  • Niklas Potrafke

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Abstract

I investigate empirically the role of religion and political institutions in policies against human trafficking, using the new 3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index. The dataset contains 175 countries. The results show that governments in countries with Christian majorities implement stricter anti-trafficking policies than countries with Muslim majorities. The differences between countries with Christian and Muslim majorities is pronounced in dictatorships but less so in democracies. The influence of religion on the overall 3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index is driven by protection and prevention policies. As compared to prosecution policies that mainly target the perpetrators of human trafficking, protection and prevention policies mainly protect the victims of human trafficking, i.e. predominantly women. The conclusions are consistent with other empirical findings regarding the association between religion, political institutions, and human development.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4278.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4278

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Keywords: human trafficking; religion; political institutions; human rights; gender equality;

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References

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  1. Indvandring 3: Er muslimer anderledes?
    by Christian Bjørnskov in Punditokraterne on 2013-07-08 07:59:52
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Cited by:
  1. Cho, Seo-Young & Dreher, Axel & Neumayer, Eric, 2013. "Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 67-82.
  2. Seo-Young Cho & Axel Dreher & Eric Neumayer, 2012. "The Determinants of Anti-trafficking Policies: Evidence from a New Index," Economics of Security Working Paper Series 72, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Seo-Young Cho, 2013. "Liberal Coercion? - Prostitution, Human Trafficking and Policy," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201344, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).

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