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Non‐pecuniary returns to higher education: the effect on smoking intensity in the UK

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  • Massimiliano Bratti
  • Alfonso Miranda

Abstract

This paper investigates whether higher education (HE) produces non-pecuniary returns via a reduction in the intensity of consumption of health‐damaging substances. In particular, it focuses on current smoking intensity of the British individuals sampled in the 29‐year follow‐up survey of the 1970 British Cohort Study. We estimate endogenous dummy ordinal response models for cigarette consumption and show that HE is endogenous with respect to smoking intensity and that even when endogeneity is accounted for, HE is found to have a strong negative effect on smoking intensity. Moreover, pecuniary channels, such as occupation and income, mediate only a minor part of the effect of HE. Our results are robust to modelling individual self‐selection into current smoking participation (at age 29) and to estimating a dynamic model in which past smoking levels affect current smoking levels. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/hec.1529
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Health Economics.

Volume (Year): 19 (2010)
Issue (Month): 8 (August)
Pages: 906-920

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Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:19:y:2010:i:8:p:906-920

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Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/5749

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Keywords: endogenous dummy ; ordinal response models ; higher education ; sample selection ; smoking ; UK ;

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Cited by:
  1. Annette Alstadsæter & Hans Henrik Sievertsen, 2009. "The Consumption Value of Higher Education," CESifo Working Paper Series 2871, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Helmut Rainer & Ian Smith, 2012. "Education, Communication and Wellbeing: An Application to Sexual Satisfaction," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(4), pages 581-598, November.
  3. Jason Fletcher & David Frisvold, 2010. "The Long-run Health Returns to College Quality," Emory Economics, Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta) 1011, Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta).
  4. Alfonso Miranda & Sophia Rabe-Hesketh, 2006. "Maximum likelihood estimation of endogenous switching and sample selection models for binary, ordinal, and count variables," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, StataCorp LP, vol. 6(3), pages 285-308, September.
  5. Alfonso Miranda, 2010. "A double-hurdle count model for completed fertility data from the developing world," DoQSS Working Papers, Department of Quantitative Social Science - Institute of Education, University of London 10-01, Department of Quantitative Social Science - Institute of Education, University of London.
  6. Donald S. Kenkel & Maximilian D. Schmeiser & Carly J. Urban, 2014. "Is Smoking Inferior? Evidence from Variation in the Earned Income Tax Credit," NBER Working Papers 20097, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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