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Kids or courses? Gender differences in the effects of active labor market policies

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  • Michael Lechner

    ()

  • Stephan Wiehler

Abstract

This paper investigates active labor market programs in Austria with a special emphasis on male-female effect heterogeneity. On average, we find only small effects, if any, for most of the programs. A crucial advantage of the large and informative administrative data we use is that it provides records about pregnancies and times of parental leave, in addition to the information that can typically be found in European administrative data sources used for evaluating active labor market policies. We show that these variables play a key role in removing selection bias and defining outcome variables which may explain why other similar studies found such programs to be more effective for women than for men. In particular for younger women a key effect of the programs is to reduce or postpone pregnancies and to increase the attachment to the labor force. After taking into account gender specific selection effects and the effects of the programs on pregnancies, gender differences (almost) disappear.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 24 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 783-812

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:24:y:2011:i:3:p:783-812

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Keywords: Active labor market policy; Matching estimation; Program evaluation; Panel data; J68;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Barış Yörük, 2012. "Do fundraisers select charitable donors based on gender and race? Evidence from survey data," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 25(1), pages 219-243, January.
  2. Emilia Del Bono & Andrea Weber & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2008. "Clash of Career and Family - Fertility Decisions after Job Displacement," Ruhr Economic Papers 0039, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  3. Lechner, Michael & Wunsch, Conny, 2011. "Sensitivity of matching-based program evaluations to the availability of control variables," CEPR Discussion Papers 8294, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Behncke, Stefanie & Frölich, Markus & Lechner, Michael, 2007. "Public Employment Services and Employers: How Important Are Networks with Firms?," IZA Discussion Papers 3005, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Lechner, Michael & Wiehler, Stephan, 2007. "Does the Order and Timing of Active Labour Market Programmes Matter?," CEPR Discussion Papers 6521, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Lechner, Michael & Wiehler, Stephan, 2007. "Does the Order and Timing of Active Labor Market Programs Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 3092, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Martin Biewen & Bernd Fitzenberger & Aderonke Osikominu & Marie Paul, 2012. "The Effectiveness of Public Sponsored Training Revisited: The Importance of Data and Methodological Choices," NRN working papers 2012-09, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  8. Almut Balleer & Ramon Gomez-Salvador & Jarkko Turunen, 2014. "Labour force participation across Europe: a cohort-based analysis," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 46(4), pages 1385-1415, June.

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