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Identifying effect heterogeneity to improve the efficiency of job creation schemes in Germany

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  • Caliendo, Marco
  • Hujer, Reinhard
  • Thomsen, Stephan L.

Abstract

"Previous empirical studies of job creation schemes in Germany have shown that the average effects for the participating individuals are negative. However, we find that this is not true for all strata of the population. Identifying individual characteristics that are responsible for the effect heterogeneity and using this information for a better allocation of individuals therefore bears some scope for improving programme effciency. We present several stratification strategies and discuss the occurring effect heterogeneity. Our findings show that job creation schemes do neither harm nor improve the labour market chances for most of the groups. Exceptions are long-term unemployed men in West and long-term unemployed women in East and West Germany who benefit from participation in terms of higher employment rates." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its series IAB Discussion Paper with number 200508.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 07 Apr 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:200508

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Keywords: aktivierende Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Wirkungsforschung; Arbeitsbeschaffungsmaßnahme - Erfolgskontrolle; IAB-Bewerberangebotsdatei; IAB-Maßnahmeteilnehmergrunddatei; Beschäftigtenstatistik; berufliche Reintegration; Langzeitarbeitslose; Arbeitsmarktchancen; Ostdeutschland; Westdeutschland; Bundesrepublik Deutschland;

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References

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  1. Manski, Charles F, 1997. "The Mixing Problem in Programme Evaluation," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 537-53, October.
  2. Guido W. Imbens, 2004. "Nonparametric Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Under Exogeneity: A Review," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(1), pages 4-29, February.
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  8. Lars Calmfors & Anders Forslund & Maria Hemström, 2002. "Does Active Labour Market Policy Work? Lessons from the Swedish Experiences," CESifo Working Paper Series 675, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Caliendo, Marco & Hujer, Reinhard & Thomsen, Stephan Lothar, 2005. "The Employment Effects of Job Creation Schemes in Germany: A Microeconometric Evaluation," IZA Discussion Papers 1512, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  11. Richard Blundell & Monica Costa Dias, 2008. "Alternative approaches to evaluation in empirical microeconomics," CeMMAP working papers CWP26/08, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  12. Bell, Stephen H. & Orr, Larry L., 2002. "Screening (and creaming?) applicants to job training programs: the AFDC homemaker-home health aide demonstrations," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 279-301, April.
  13. Ours, J.C. van, 2004. "The locking-in effect of subsidized jobs," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-140882, Tilburg University.
  14. Charles F. Manski, 2000. "Using Studies of Treatment Response to Inform Treatment Choice in Heterogeneous Populations," NBER Technical Working Papers 0263, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  16. Hujer, Reinhard & Caliendo, Marco & Thomsen, Stephan Lothar, 2003. "New Evidence on the Effects of Job Creation Schemes in Germany - A Matching Approach with Threefold Heterogeneity," IZA Discussion Papers 750, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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