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Macroeconomic volatilities and the labor market: First results from the euro experiment

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  • Merkl, Christian
  • Schmitz, Tom

Abstract

We analyze the effects of labor market institutions (LMIs) on inflation and output volatility. The eurozone offers an unprecedented experiment for this exercise: since 1999, no national monetary policies have been implemented that could account for volatility differences. We use a New Keynesian model with unemployment to predict the effects of LMIs. In our empirical estimations, we find that higher labor turnover costs have a significant negative effect on output volatility, while replacement rates have a positive effect, both in line with theory. While LMIs have a large effect on output volatility, they do not matter much for inflation volatility.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Journal of Political Economy.

Volume (Year): 27 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 44-60

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Handle: RePEc:eee:poleco:v:27:y:2011:i:1:p:44-60

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505544

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Keywords: Labor market institutions Output and inflation volatility Labor turnover costs Unemployment benefits Unemployment Eurozone;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gartner, Hermann & Merkl, Christian & Rothe, Thomas, 2009. "They are even larger! More (on) puzzling labor market volatilities," IAB Discussion Paper 200912, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  2. Tim Schwarzmüller & Nikolai Stähler, 2013. "Reforming the labor market and improving competitiveness: an analysis for Spain using FiMod," SERIEs, Spanish Economic Association, vol. 4(4), pages 437-471, November.
  3. Christian Merkl, 2009. "The Inflation-Output Tradeoff: Which Type of Labor Market Rigidity Is to Be Blamed?," Kiel Working Papers 1495, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  4. Campolmi, Alessia & Faia, Ester, 2011. "Labor market institutions and inflation volatility in the euro area," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 793-812, May.
  5. Bernard Bartels, 2009. "The Monetary Transmission Mechanism in the Euro Area: A VAR-Analysis for Austria and Germany," Kiel Advanced Studies Working Papers 452, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Abbritti, Mirko & Weber, Sebastian, 2010. "Labor market institutions and the business cycle Unemployment rigidities vs. real wage rigidities," Working Paper Series 1183, European Central Bank.

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