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Changes in bank lending standards and the macroeconomy

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  • Bassett, William F.
  • Chosak, Mary Beth
  • Driscoll, John C.
  • Zakrajšek, Egon

Abstract

Identifying macroeconomic effects of credit shocks is difficult because many of the same factors that influence the supply of loans also affect the demand for credit. Using bank-level responses to the Federal Reserve's Loan Officer Opinion Survey, we construct a new credit supply indicator: changes in lending standards, adjusted for the macroeconomic and bank-specific factors that also affect loan demand. Tightening shocks to this credit supply indicator lead to a substantial decline in output and the capacity of businesses and households to borrow from banks, as well as to a widening of credit spreads and an easing of monetary policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Monetary Economics.

Volume (Year): 62 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 23-40

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Handle: RePEc:eee:moneco:v:62:y:2014:i:c:p:23-40

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505566

Related research

Keywords: Credit supply disruptions; Bank lending policies; Credit crunch;

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Cited by:
  1. Haltenhof, Samuel & Jung Lee, Seung & Stebunovs, Viktors, 2014. "The credit crunch and fall in employment during the Great Recession," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 31-57.
  2. Tobias Adrian & Daniel Covitz & Nellie J. Liang, 2013. "Financial stability monitoring," Staff Reports 601, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  3. Marko Malovic & Svetislav Paunovic, 2012. "Flow of Funds in balkan Banks: Narrow Banking or Narrow Escape?," Book Chapters, Institute of Economic Sciences.
  4. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 2012. "Disentangling the Channels of the 2007-2009 Recession," NBER Working Papers 18094, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Haroon Mumtaz & Gabor Pinter & Konstantinos Theodoridis, 2014. "What do VARs Tell Us about the Impact of a Credit Supply Shock? An Empirical Analysis," Working Papers 716, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  6. Miguel Ampudia & Michael Ehrmann, 2014. "Macroeconomic Experiences and Risk Taking of Euro Area Households," Working Papers 14-10, Bank of Canada.
  7. Blaise Gadanecz & Aaron Mehrotra & Madhusudan S Mohanty, 2014. "Foreign exchange intervention and the banking system balance sheet in emerging market economies," BIS Working Papers 445, Bank for International Settlements.
  8. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 2012. "Disentangling the Channels of the 2007-09 Recession," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 44(1 (Spring), pages 81-156.
  9. William F. Bassett & Simon Gilchrist & Gretchen C. Weinbach & Egon Zakrajsek, 2011. "Improving Our Ability to Monitor Bank Lending," NBER Chapters, in: Risk Topography: Systemic Risk and Macro Modeling, pages 149-161 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Teodora Paligorova & João A. C. Santos, 2012. "When Is It Less Costly for Risky Firms to Borrow? Evidence from the Bank Risk-Taking Channel of Monetary Policy," Working Papers 12-10, Bank of Canada.
  11. Alwyn Young, 2013. "Structural transformation, the mismeasurement of productivity growth and the cost disease of services," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 54247, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  12. Paolo Del Giovane & Andrea Nobili & Federico Maria Signoretti, 2013. "Supply tightening or lack of demand? An analysis of credit developments during the Lehman Brothers and the sovereign debt crises," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 942, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  13. Immo Schott, 2013. "Startups, Credit, and the Jobless Recovery," 2013 Meeting Papers 340, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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