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Birth-spacing, fertility and neonatal mortality in India: Dynamics, frailty, and fecundity

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  • Bhalotra, Sonia
  • Soest, Arthur van

Abstract

Using microdata on 30,000 childbirths in India and dynamic panel data models, we analyse causal effects of birth-spacing on subsequent neonatal mortality and of mortality on subsequent birth intervals, controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. Right censoring is accounted for by jointly estimating a fertility equation, identified by using data on sterilization. We find evidence of frailty, fecundity, and causal effects in both directions. Birth intervals explain only a limited share of the correlation between neonatal mortality of successive children in a family. We predict that for every neonatal death, 0.37 additional children are born, of whom 0.30 survive.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 143 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 274-290

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Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:143:y:2008:i:2:p:274-290

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