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Birth Spacing and Neonatal Mortality in India: Dynamics, Frailty, and Fecundity

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  • Sonia Bhalotra
  • Arthur van Soest

Abstract

A dynamic panel data model of neonatal mortality and birth spacing is analyzed, accounting for causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent mortality and of mortality on the next birth interval, while controlling for unobserved heterogeneity in mortality (frailty) and birth spacing (fecundity). The model is estimated using micro data on about 29000 children of 6700 Indian mothers, for whom a complete retrospective record of fertility and child mortality is available. Information on sterilization is used to identify an equation for completion of family formation that is needed to account for right-censoring in the data. The authors find clear evidence of frailty, fecundity, and causal effects of birth spacing on mortality and vice versa, but find that birth interval effects can explain only a limited share of the correlation between neonatal mortality of successive children in a family.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by RAND Corporation Publications Department in its series Working Papers with number 219.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ran:wpaper:219

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Keywords: fertility; birth spacing; childhood mortality; health; dynamic panel data models; siblings;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Sonia Bhalotra & Bernarda Zamora, 2007. "Primary Education in India Prospects of Meeting the MDG Target," Working Papers id:908, eSocialSciences.
  2. Arulampalam, Wiji & Bhalotra, Sonia R., 2006. "Sibling Death Clustering in India: State Dependence vs. Unobserved Heterogeneity," IZA Discussion Papers 2251, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Anil B. Deolikar, 2005. "Infant And Under-Five Mortality In India: Levels, Patterns And Correlates," Working Papers id:141, eSocialSciences.

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