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Birth Spacing and Neonatal Mortality in India: Dynamics, Frailty and Fecundity

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  • Sonia Bhalotra
  • Arthur van Soest

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Abstract

A dynamic panel data model of neonatal mortality and birth spacing is analyzed, accounting for causal effects of birth spacing on subsequent mortality and of mortality on the next birth interval, while controlling for unobserved heterogeneity in mortality (frailty) and birth spacing (fecundity). The model is estimated using micro data on about 30000 children of 7000 Indian mothers, for whom a complete retrospective record of fertility and child mortality is available. Information on sterilization is used to identify an equation for completion of family formation that is needed to account for right-censoring in the data. We find clear evidence of frailty, fecundity, and causal effects of birth spacing on mortality and vice versa, but find that birth interval effects can explain only a limited share of the correlation between neonatal mortality of successive children in a family.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK in its series Bristol Economics Discussion Papers with number 04/567.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bri:uobdis:04/567

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Keywords: fertility; birth spacing; childhood mortality; health; dynamic panel data models; siblings.;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Arulampalam, Wiji & Bhalotra, Sonia R., 2006. "Sibling Death Clustering in India: State Dependence vs. Unobserved Heterogeneity," IZA Discussion Papers 2251, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Sonia Bhalotra & Bernarda Zamora, 2007. "Primary Education in India Prospects of Meeting the MDG Target," Working Papers id:908, eSocialSciences.
  3. Anil B. Deolikar, 2005. "Infant And Under-Five Mortality In India: Levels, Patterns And Correlates," Working Papers id:141, eSocialSciences.

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