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Sexual orientation and occupational rank

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Author Info

  • Ali M Ahmed

    ()
    (Linnaeus University and Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study)

  • Lina Andersson

    ()
    (Linnaeus University)

  • Mats Hammarstedt

    ()
    (Linnaeus University)

Abstract

This paper presents a study of differences in occupational rank between gay and heterosexual males as well as between lesbian and heterosexual females. We estimate different specifications of an ordered probit model on register data from Sweden. Our data consist of married heterosexual men and women and homosexual men and women living in civil unions. We find that homosexual men have a lower probability of working in a profession demanding a longer university education or a management profession than heterosexual men. In contrast, we find that homosexual women are more likely than heterosexual women to work in such professions.

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File URL: http://www.accessecon.com/Pubs/EB/2011/Volume31/EB-11-V31-I3-P217.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by AccessEcon in its journal Economics Bulletin.

Volume (Year): 31 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 2422-2433

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Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-11-00220

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Related research

Keywords: Sexual orientation; labour market; occupational rank;

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References

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  1. Doris Weichselbaumer, 2003. "Sexual orientation discrimination in hiring," Natural Field Experiments, The Field Experiments Website 00340, The Field Experiments Website.
  2. Ali M. Ahmed & Mats Hammarstedt, 2009. "Detecting Discrimination against Homosexuals: Evidence from a Field Experiment on the Internet," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 76(303), pages 588-597, 07.
  3. Bruce Elmslie & Edinaldo Tebaldi, 2007. "Sexual Orientation and Labor Market Discrimination," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 436-453, July.
  4. Jeff Frank, 2004. "Gay Glass Ceilings," Royal Holloway, University of London: Discussion Papers in Economics, Department of Economics, Royal Holloway University of London 04/20, Department of Economics, Royal Holloway University of London, revised Aug 2004.
  5. Nasser Daneshvary & C. Waddoups & Bradley Wimmer, 2008. "Educational Attainment and the Lesbian Wage Premium," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(4), pages 365-379, December.
  6. James Albrecht & Anders Bjorklund & Susan Vroman, 2003. "Is There a Glass Ceiling in Sweden?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 145-177, January.
  7. M. V. Lee Badgett, 1995. "The wage effects of sexual orientation discrimination," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 48(4), pages 726-739, July.
  8. Nick Drydakis, 2007. "Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Labour Market," Working Papers, University of Crete, Department of Economics 0832, University of Crete, Department of Economics, revised 00 2008.
  9. G. Reza Arabsheibani & Alan Marin & Jonathan Wadsworth, 2005. "Gay Pay in the UK," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 72(286), pages 333-347, 05.
  10. Christopher S. Carpenter, 2005. "Self-reported sexual orientation and earnings: Evidence from California," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 58(2), pages 258-273, January.
  11. Plug, Erik & Berkhout, Peter, 2001. "Effects of Sexual Preferences on Earnings in the Netherlands," IZA Discussion Papers 344, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Suzanne Heller Clain & Karen Leppel, 2001. "An investigation into sexual orientation discrimination as an explanation for wage differences," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 37-47.
  13. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1996. "Wage Structure and Gender Earnings Differentials: An International Comparison," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 63(250), pages S29-62, Suppl..
  14. Drydakis, Nick, 2009. "Sexual orientation discrimination in the labour market," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 364-372, August.
  15. Paul W. Miller & Paul A. Volker, 1985. "On the Determination of Occupational Attainment and Mobility," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 20(2), pages 197-213.
  16. Ali M. Ahmed & Lina Andersson & Mats Hammarstedt, 2011. "Inter‐ and Intra‐Household Earnings Differentials among Homosexual and Heterosexual Couples," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, London School of Economics, vol. 49(Supplemen), pages s258-s278, 07.
  17. Ali Ahmed & Mats Hammarstedt, 2010. "Sexual orientation and earnings: a register data-based approach to identify homosexuals," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 835-849, June.
  18. Marieka M. Klawitter & Victor Flatt, 1998. "The effects of state and local antidiscrimination policies on earnings for gays and lesbians," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(4), pages 658-686.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ali Ahmed & Lina Andersson & Mats Hammarstedt, 2013. "Sexual orientation and full-time monthly earnings, by public and private sector: evidence from Swedish register data," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 83-108, March.
  2. Ahmed, Ali & Andersson, Lina & Hammarstedt, Mats, 2011. "Are homosexuals discriminated against in the hiring process?," Working Paper Series, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy 2011:21, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.

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