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Sexual Orientation, Prejudice and Segregation

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Author Info

  • Plug, Erik

    ()
    (University of Amsterdam)

  • Webbink, Dinand

    ()
    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Martin, Nicholas G.

    ()
    (Queensland Institute of Medical Research)

Abstract

This paper examines whether gay and lesbian workers sort into tolerant occupations. With information on sexual orientation, prejudice and occupational choice taken from Australian Twin Registers, we find that gays and lesbians shy away from prejudiced occupations. We show that our segregation results are largely driven by those gay and lesbian workers with disclosed identities, and robust to the inclusion of unobserved factors that are inherited and observed factors that strongly correlate with productive skills and vocational preferences. Our segregation estimates are generally large and consistent with prejudice based theories of employer and employee discrimination against gay and lesbian workers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5772.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Labor Economics, 2014, 32 (1), 123-159
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5772

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Keywords: segregation; sexual orientation; occupational choice; discrimination;

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References

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  1. Carpenter, Christopher S., 2007. "Revisiting the income penalty for behaviorally gay men: Evidence from NHANES III," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 25-34, January.
  2. Lori Beaman & Raghabendra Chattopadhyay & Esther Duflo & Rohini Pande & Petia Topalova, 2009. "Powerful Women: Does Exposure Reduce Bias?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 124(4), pages 1497-1540, November.
  3. Gerrit Mueller & Erik Plug, 2006. "Estimating the effect of personality on male and female earnings," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 60(1), pages 3-22, October.
  4. Bruce Elmslie & Edinaldo Tebaldi, 2007. "Sexual Orientation and Labor Market Discrimination," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 436-453, July.
  5. Erik Plug & Peter Berkhout, 2004. "Effects of sexual preferences on earnings in the Netherlands," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 117-131, February.
  6. Black, Dan A, 1995. "Discrimination in an Equilibrium Search Model," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 309-33, April.
  7. Dustmann, Christian & Preston, Ian, 2001. "Attitudes to Ethic Minorities, Ethnic Context and Location Decisions," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(470), pages 353-73, April.
  8. Jeff Frank, 2006. "Gay Glass Ceilings," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 73(291), pages 485-508, 08.
  9. Plug, Erik & Berkhout, Peter, 2008. "Sexual Orientation, Disclosure and Earnings," IZA Discussion Papers 3290, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. David Card & Alexandre Mas & Jesse Rothstein, 2008. "Tipping and the Dynamics of Segregation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 123(1), pages 177-218, 02.
  11. Ali Ahmed & Mats Hammarstedt, 2010. "Sexual orientation and earnings: a register data-based approach to identify homosexuals," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 835-849, June.
  12. Nick Drydakis, 2007. "Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Labour Market," Working Papers, University of Crete, Department of Economics 0832, University of Crete, Department of Economics, revised 00 2008.
  13. Doris Weichselbaumer, 2000. "Sexual orientation discrimination in hiring," Economics working papers, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria 2000-21, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  14. Dan A. Black & Seth G. Sanders & Lowell J. Taylor, 2007. "The Economics of Lesbian and Gay Families," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 21(2), pages 53-70, Spring.
  15. Nathan Berg & Donald Lien, 2002. "Measuring The Effect Of Sexual Orientation On Income: Evidence Of Discrimination?," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 20(4), pages 394-414, October.
  16. Suzanne Heller Clain & Karen Leppel, 2001. "An investigation into sexual orientation discrimination as an explanation for wage differences," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 37-47.
  17. Kerwin Kofi Charles & Jonathan Guryan, 2008. "Prejudice and Wages: An Empirical Assessment of Becker's The Economics of Discrimination," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(5), pages 773-809, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Stephan Humpert, 2012. "Somewhere over the Rainbow: Sexual Orientation Discrimination in Germany," Working Paper Series in Economics 245, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

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