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The FAST Method: Estimating Unconditional Demand Elasticities for Processed Foods in the Presence of Fixed Effects

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  • Bergtold, Jason S.
  • Akobundu, Eberechukwu
  • Peterson, Everett B.

Abstract

This study estimates a set of unconditional own-price and expenditure elasticities across time for 49 processed food categories using scanner data and the FAST multi-stage demand system with fixed effects across time. Estimated own-price elasticities are generally much larger, in absolute terms, than previous estimates, while our expenditure elasticities are generally much lower. The use of disaggregated product groupings, scanner data, and the estimation of unconditional elasticities likely accounts for these differences. Results of the study suggest providing more disaggregate product-level demand elasticities could aid in the economic analysis of issues relating to industry competitiveness or the impact of public policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Western Agricultural Economics Association in its journal Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics.

Volume (Year): 29 (2004)
Issue (Month): 02 (August)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:jlaare:31108

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Web page: http://waeaonline.org/
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Related research

Keywords: demand elasticities; indirect separability; processed foods; Agribusiness;

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References

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  8. Sanjib Bhuyan & Rigoberto A. Lopez, 1998. "Oligopoly Power and Allocative Efficiency in US Food and Tobacco Industries," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(3), pages 434-442.
  9. David L. Edgerton, 1997. "Weak Separability and the Estimation of Elasticities in Multistage Demand Systems," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(1), pages 62-79.
  10. Schmit, Todd M. & Chung, Chanjin & Dong, Diansheng & Kaiser, Harry M. & Gould, Brian W., 2000. "The Effect Of Generic Dairy Advertising On The Household Demand For Milk And Cheese," 2000 Annual meeting, July 30-August 2, Tampa, FL 21775, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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  14. Green, Geoffrey M. & Park, John L., 1998. "Retail Demand For Whole Vs. Low-Fat Milk: New Perspectives On Loss Leader Pricing," 1998 Annual meeting, August 2-5, Salt Lake City, UT 20827, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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Cited by:
  1. Chouinard, Hayley H. & Davis, David E. & LaFrance, Jeffrey T. & Perloff, Jeffrey M., 2006. "Milk Marketing Order Winners and Losers," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21238, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  2. Chouinard, Hayley H & Davis, David E. & LaFrance, Jeffrey T. & Perloff, Jeffrey M, 2005. "The Effects of a Fat Tax on Dairy Products," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt60t1f3tn, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
  3. Davis, Christopher G. & Blayney, Donald P. & Dong, Diansheng & Yen, Steven T. & Johnson, Rachel J., 2011. "Will Changing Demographics Affect U.S. Cheese Demand?," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(02), May.
  4. Bergtold, Jason S. & Peterson, Everett B., 2005. "Introducing Asymmetric Separability in the FAST Multistage Demand System," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19497, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  5. Khan, Rana Ejaz Ali & Hussain, Tanveer, 2011. "Import elasticity of tea: a case of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 34793, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Okrent, Abigail M. & Alston, Julian M., 2012. "The Demand for Disaggregated Food-Away-from-Home and Food-at-Home Products in the United States," Economic Research Report 132469, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  7. Okrent, Abigail M. & Alston, Julian M., 2011. "Demand for Food in the United States: A Review of Literature, Evaluation of Previous Estimates, and Presentation of New Estimates of Demand," Working Papers 162515, Robert Mondavi Institute Center for Wine Economics.

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