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Milk Marketing Order Winners and Losers

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Author Info

  • Hayley H. Chouinard
  • David E. Davis
  • Jeffrey LaFrance
  • Jeffrey M. Perloff

    ()
    (School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University)

Abstract

Determining the impacts on consumers of government policies affecting the demand for food products requires a theoretically consistent micro-level demand model. We estimate a system of demands for weekly city-level dairy product purchases by nonlinear three stage least squares to account for joint determination between quantities and prices. We analyze the distributional effects of federal milk marketing orders, and find results that vary substantially across demographic groups. Families with young children suffer, while wealthier childless couples benefit. We also find that households with lower incomes bear a greater regulatory burden due to marketing orders than those with higher income levels.

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File URL: http://faculty.ses.wsu.edu/WorkingPapers/LaFrance/WP2009-03-CDLP-RAE-2-2009.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University in its series Working Papers with number 2009-03.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wsu:wpaper:chouinard-3

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Web page: http://faculty.ses.wsu.edu/
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Keywords: Milk; marketing orders; dairy industry regulation;

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References

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  1. Attfield, Clifford L. F., 1985. "Homogeneity and endogeneity in systems of demand equations," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 197-209, February.
  2. Berck, Peter & Perloff, Jeffrey M, 1984. "A Dynamic Analysis of Marketing Orders, Voting , and Welfare," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt3d09786w, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
  3. LaFrance, Jeffrey T., 2008. "The structure of US food demand," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 147(2), pages 336-349, December.
  4. Jeffrey T. LaFrance, 1991. "Consumer's surplus versus compensating variation revisited," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series archive-35, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  5. LaFrance, Jeffrey T. & Beatty, Timothy K. M. & Pope, Rulon D., 2004. "Building Gorman's Nest," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt2ws698td, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
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  7. Bergtold, Jason S. & Akobundu, Eberechukwu & Peterson, Everett B., 2003. "The Fast Method: Estimating Unconditional Demand Elasticities For Processed Food In The Presence Of Fixed Effects," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 21893, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  8. John L. Park & Rodney B. Holcomb & Kellie Curry Raper & Oral Capps, 1996. "A Demand Systems Analysis of Food Commodities by U.S. Households Segmented by Income," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(2), pages 290-300.
  9. Deaton, Angus, 1986. "Demand analysis," Handbook of Econometrics, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1767-1839 Elsevier.
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  12. LaFrance, Jeffrey T., 1991. "When Is Expenditure "Exogenous" In Separable Demand Models?," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 16(01), July.
  13. Gould, Brian W. & Cox, Thomas L. & Perali, Carlo Federico, 1990. "The Demand For Fluid Milk Products In The U.S.: A Demand Systems Approach," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 15(01), July.
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  15. Jensen, Kimberly L., 1995. "Fluid Milk Purchase Patterns In The South: Effects Of Use Of Nutrition Information And Household Characteristics," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 27(02), December.
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  23. Cotterill, Ronald W., 2003. "The Impact of the Northeastern Dairy Compact on New England Consumers: A Report from the Milk Policy Wars," Research Reports 25171, University of Connecticut, Food Marketing Policy Center.
  24. repec:cdl:agrebk:623332 is not listed on IDEAS
  25. Jeffrey T. LaFrance & Harry D. Gorter, 1985. "Regulation in a Dynamic Market: The U.S. Dairy Industry," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series archive-34, Monash University, Department of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Davis, Christopher G. & Dong, Diansheng & Blayney, Donald P. & Yen, Steven T. & Stillman, Richard, 2012. "U.S. Fluid Milk Demand: A Disaggregated Approach," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 15(1).
  2. Miao, Zhen & Beghin, John C. & Jensen, Helen H., 2012. "Accounting for Product Substitution in the Analysis of Food Taxes Targeting Obesity," Staff General Research Papers 32211, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  3. Berning, Joshua & Chouinard, Hayley & McCluskey, Jill, 2009. "Measuring the Impact of Nutrition Labels on Food Purchasing Decisions: A field experiment with scanner data," Research Reports 153338, University of Connecticut, Food Marketing Policy Center.
  4. Wolf, Christopher A. & Tonsor, Glynn T., 2013. "Dairy Farmer Policy Preferences," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(2), August.
  5. Cai, Xiaowei & Stiegert, Kyle W., 2012. "Economic Analysis of the U.S. Fluid Milk Industry," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124939, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  6. Davis, Chris & Blayney, Don & Yen, Steven & Cooper, Joseph C., 2009. "An analysis of at-home demand for ice cream in the United States," MPRA Paper 24782, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Miao, Zhen & Beghin, John C. & Jensen, Helen H., 2011. "Taxing Sweets: Sweetener Input Tax or Final Consumption Tax?," Staff General Research Papers 32670, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  8. Davis, Christopher G. & Blayney, Donald P. & Muhammad, Andrew & Yen, Steven T. & Cooper, Joseph C., 2010. "A Cross-Sectional Analysis of U.S. Yogurt Demand," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 41(2), July.
  9. Borneman, Darand L. & Ingham, Steve, 2014. "Evaluating Wisconsin dairy producer compliance and potential eligibility for international markets under existing European Union and United States Grade “A” bulk tank somatic cell count compliance," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 150-156.

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