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The Fast Method: Estimating Unconditional Demand Elasticities For Processed Food In The Presence Of Fixed Effects

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Author Info

  • Bergtold, Jason S.
  • Akobundu, Eberechukwu
  • Peterson, Everett B.

Abstract

This study estimated a set of unconditional own-price and expenditure elasticities for 49 processed food categories using scanner data and the FAST multistage demand system. Overall, our estimated own-price and expenditure elasticities are generally much larger, in absolute terms, than previous estimates. The use of disaggregated product groupings and the estimation of unconditional elasticities accounts for these higher estimates. Over half of the own-price elasticities are larger, on an absolute basis, than 0.9. Providing more disaggregate product level demand elasticities could aid in the economic analysis of issues relating to industry competitiveness or the impact of public policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association) in its series 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada with number 21893.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea03:21893

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Keywords: Demand and Price Analysis;

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References

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  1. David L. Edgerton, 1997. "Weak Separability and the Estimation of Elasticities in Multistage Demand Systems," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(1), pages 62-79.
  2. Sanjib Bhuyan & Rigoberto A. Lopez, 1998. "Oligopoly Power and Allocative Efficiency in US Food and Tobacco Industries," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(3), pages 434-442.
  3. Brown, Mark G. & Lee, Jonq-Ying & Seale, James L., Jr., 1994. "Demand Relationships Among Juice Beverages: A Differential Demand System Approach," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 26(02), December.
  4. Gisser, Micha, 1986. "Price Leadership and Welfare Losses in U.S. Manufacturing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 756-67, September.
  5. Schmit, Todd M. & Chung, Chanjin & Dong, Diansheng & Kaiser, Harry M. & Gould, Brian W., 2000. "The Effect Of Generic Dairy Advertising On The Household Demand For Milk And Cheese," 2000 Annual meeting, July 30-August 2, Tampa, FL 21775, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  6. Clarke, Roger & Davies, Stephen W, 1982. "Market Structure and Price-Cost Margins," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 49(195), pages 277-87, August.
  7. Green, Geoffrey M. & Park, John L., 1998. "Retail Demand For Whole Vs. Low-Fat Milk: New Perspectives On Loss Leader Pricing," 1998 Annual meeting, August 2-5, Salt Lake City, UT 20827, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  8. Moschini, GianCarlo, 2001. "Flexible Multistage Demand System Based on Indirect Separability, A," Staff General Research Papers 1921, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  9. Maynard, Leigh J., 2000. "Sources Of Irreversible Consumer Demand In U.S. Dairy Products," 2000 Annual meeting, July 30-August 2, Tampa, FL 21876, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  10. John L. Park & Rodney B. Holcomb & Kellie Curry Raper & Oral Capps, 1996. "A Demand Systems Analysis of Food Commodities by U.S. Households Segmented by Income," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(2), pages 290-300.
  11. Marc-Arthur Diaye & François Gardes & Christophe Starzec, 2001. "The World According to GARP : Non-parametric Tests of Demand Theory and Rational Behavior," Working Papers 2001-27, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  12. John M Connor & Everett B. Peterson, 1996. "A Comparison of Oligopoly Welfare Loss Estimates for U.S. Food Manufacturing: Reply," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(3), pages 710-711.
  13. Cathy R. Wessells & Petter Wallström, 1999. "Modeling demand structure using scanner data: Implications for salmon enhancement policies," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(4), pages 449-461.
  14. Huang, Kuo S. & Lin, Biing-Hwan, 2000. "Estimation Of Food Demand And Nutrient Elasticities From Household Survey Data," Technical Bulletins 33579, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  15. Varian, Hal R, 1982. "The Nonparametric Approach to Demand Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 945-73, July.
  16. Capps, Oral, Jr. & Lambregts, Johannes Adrianus, 1991. "Assessing Effects Of Prices And Advertising On Purchases Of Finfish And Shellfish In A Local Market In Texas," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 23(01), July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Okrent, Abigail M. & Alston, Julian M., 2012. "The Demand for Disaggregated Food-Away-from-Home and Food-at-Home Products in the United States," Economic Research Report 132469, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  2. Chouinard, Hayley H. & Davis, David E. & LaFrance, Jeffrey T. & Perloff, Jeffrey M, 2005. "Milk Marketing Order Winners and Losers," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt82q751hf, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
  3. Bergtold, Jason S. & Peterson, Everett B., 2005. "Introducing Asymmetric Separability in the FAST Multistage Demand System," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19497, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  4. Okrent, Abigail M. & Alston, Julian M., 2011. "Demand for Food in the United States: A Review of Literature, Evaluation of Previous Estimates, and Presentation of New Estimates of Demand," Working Papers 162515, Robert Mondavi Institute Center for Wine Economics.
  5. Chouinard, Hayley H & Davis, David E. & LaFrance, Jeffrey T. & Perloff, Jeffrey M, 2005. "The Effects of a Fat Tax on Dairy Products," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt60t1f3tn, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
  6. Davis, Christopher G. & Blayney, Donald P. & Dong, Diansheng & Yen, Steven T. & Johnson, Rachel J., 2011. "Will Changing Demographics Affect U.S. Cheese Demand?," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 43(02), May.
  7. Khan, Rana Ejaz Ali & Hussain, Tanveer, 2011. "Import elasticity of tea: a case of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 34793, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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