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Flexibilität der qualifikatorischen Lohnstruktur und Lastverteilung der Arbeitslosigkeit: Eine ökonometrische Analyse für Westdeutschland

  • Fitzenberger, Bernd
  • Franz, Wolfgang

Dieser Beitrag nimmt aus theoretischer und ökonometrischer Sicht zu der Kontroverse über die Bedeutung der qualifikatorischen Lohnstruktur zur Erklärung der Beschäftigungsstruktur Stellung. Basierend auf einer Einteilung in drei Qualifikationsgruppen zeigt sich empirisch, dass die Entlohnung der mittleren Gruppe relativ zur unteren und oberen weniger stark ansteigt, während ein kontinuierlicher Trend zur Höherqualifikation der Beschäftigten besteht. Es werden eine Translog-Kostenfunktion und Anteilsgleichungen ökonometrisch geschätzt, um den Einfluss der Lohnstruktur auf die Beschäftigungsstruktur zu erfassen. Bei allen Vorbehalten aufgrund verschiedener Probleme der Schätzungen implizieren die Ergebnisse einen signifikanten Einfluss der qualifikatorischen Struktur der mittleren Löhne auf die Beschäftigungsstruktur wie auch eine die relative Beschäftigung steigernde Wirkung einer erhöhten Lohndispersion innerhalb der Qualifikationsgruppen. Damit besteht die Möglichkeit, dass mit einer größeren Lohnspreizung die Lastverteilung der Arbeitslosigkeit bei gegebenem Output, Kapitaleinsatz und technischem Fortschritt in Form einer Erhöhung der Beschäftigung von gering qualifizierten Arbeitnehmern angeglichen werden kann.

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 97-32.

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Date of creation: 1997
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5134
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  1. Felix Fitzroy & Michael Funke, 1994. "Capital-Skill Complementarity in West German Manufacturing," CRIEFF Discussion Papers 9408, Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm.
  2. Flaig, Gebhard & Steiner, Viktor, 1993. "Searching for the \"productivity slowdown’: some surprising findings from West German manufacturing," Munich Reprints in Economics 20364, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  3. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Kurz, Claudia, 1997. "New insights on earnings trends across skill groups and industries in West Germany," Discussion Papers 38, University of Konstanz, Center for International Labor Economics (CILE).
  4. Steiner, Viktor & Wagner, Kersten, 1997. "Relative Earnings and the Demand for Unskilled Labor in West German Manufacturing," ZEW Discussion Papers 97-17, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Fitzenberger, Bernd, 1994. "A note on estimating censored quantile regressions," Discussion Papers 14, University of Konstanz, Center for International Labor Economics (CILE).
  6. Richard Jackman & Richard Layard & Marco Manacorda & Barbara Petrongolo, 1997. "European versus US Unemployment: Different Responses to Increased Demand for skill?," CEP Discussion Papers dp0349, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  7. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
  8. Nickell, Stephen & Bell, Brian, 1996. "Changes in the Distribution of Wages and Unemployment in OECD Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 302-08, May.
  9. Paul Krugman, 1994. "Past and prospective causes of high unemployment," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q IV, pages 23-43.
  10. Berman, Eli & Bound, John & Griliches, Zvi, 1994. "Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufactures," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(2), pages 367-97, May.
  11. Bergstrom, Villy & Panas, Epaminondas E, 1992. "How Robust Is the Capital-Skill Complementarity Hypothesis?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(3), pages 540-46, August.
  12. Falk, Martin & Koebel, Bertrand M., 1997. "The Demand of Heterogeneous Labour in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 97-28, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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