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A public choice view on the climate and energy policy mix in the EU: How do the emissions trading scheme and support for renewable energies interact?

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  • Gawel, Erik
  • Strunz, Sebastian
  • Lehmann, Paul

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the rationale for an energy policy mix when the European Emissions Trading scheme (ETS) is considered from a public choice perspective. That is, we argue that the economic textbook model of the ETS implausibly assumes 1) efficient policy design and 2) climate protection as the single objective of policy intervention. Contrary to these assumptions, we propose that the ETS originates from a political bargaining game within a context of multiple policy objectives. In particular, the emissions cap is negotiated between regulators and emitters with the emitters' abatement costs as crucial bargaining variable. This public choice view yields striking implications for an optimal policy mix comprising RES supporting policies. Whereas the textbook model implies that the ETS alone provides sufficient climate protection, our analysis suggests that support for renewable energies 1) contributes to a more effective ETS-design and 2) may even increase the overall efficiency of climate and energy policy if other externalities and policy objectives besides climate protection are considered. Thus, our analysis also shows that a public choice view not necessarily entails negative evaluations concerning efficiency and effectiveness of a policy mix.

Suggested Citation

  • Gawel, Erik & Strunz, Sebastian & Lehmann, Paul, 2013. "A public choice view on the climate and energy policy mix in the EU: How do the emissions trading scheme and support for renewable energies interact?," UFZ Discussion Papers 5/2013, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ufzdps:52013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jenkins, Jesse D., 2014. "Political economy constraints on carbon pricing policies: What are the implications for economic efficiency, environmental efficacy, and climate policy design?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 467-477.
    2. del Río, Pablo & Mir-Artigues, Pere, 2014. "Combinations of support instruments for renewable electricity in Europe: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 287-295.
    3. Antimiani, Alessandro & Costantini, Valeria & Kuik, Onno & Paglialunga, Elena, 2016. "Mitigation of adverse effects on competitiveness and leakage of unilateral EU climate policy: An assessment of policy instruments," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 246-259.
    4. Strunz, Sebastian & Gawel, Erik & Lehmann, Paul, 2016. "The political economy of renewable energy policies in Germany and the EU," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 33-41.
    5. Shahriar Shah Heydari & Niels Vestergaard, 2015. "Alternate solutions in mixing energy tax/subsidy and emission control policies," Working Papers 119/15, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Sociology, Environmental and Business Economics.
    6. Hills, Jeremy M. & Michalena, Evanthie, 2017. "Renewable energy pioneers are threatened by EU policy reform," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 26-36.
    7. Bigerna, Simona & Bollino, Carlo Andrea & Micheli, Silvia, 2016. "Renewable energy scenarios for costs reductions in the European Union," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(PA), pages 80-90.
    8. Jesse D. Jenkins & Valerie J. Karplus, 2016. "Carbon pricing under binding political constraints," WIDER Working Paper Series 044, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    9. repec:eee:enepol:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:376-381 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:eee:enepol:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:445-456 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:eee:rensus:v:74:y:2017:i:c:p:824-834 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Zamfir, Andreea & Colesca, Sofia Elena & Corbos, Razvan-Andrei, 2016. "Public policies to support the development of renewable energy in Romania: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 87-106.
    13. Wang, Tan & Gong, Yu & Jiang, Chuanwen, 2014. "A review on promoting share of renewable energy by green-trading mechanisms in power system," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 923-929.
    14. repec:eee:enepol:v:111:y:2017:i:c:p:268-280 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:aen:journl:ej38-si1-argentiero is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:6:p:800-:d:101224 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Erik Gawel & Sebastian Strunz & Paul Lehmann, 2016. "Support policies for renewables Instrument choice and instrument change from a Public Choice perspective," WIDER Working Paper Series 006, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    18. Andreea ZAMFIR, 2014. "Developing URBAN RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR ROMANIA," Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 9(4), pages 52-64, November.
    19. He, Yongxiu & Xu, Yang & Pang, Yuexia & Tian, Huiying & Wu, Rui, 2016. "A regulatory policy to promote renewable energy consumption in China: Review and future evolutionary path," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 695-705.
    20. Μichalena, Evanthie & Hills, Jeremy M., 2016. "Stepping up but back: How EU policy reform fails to meet the needs of renewable energy actors," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 716-726.
    21. Andreea ZAMFIR, 2014. "Steps Towards A New Renewable Energy Public Policy In Romania," Proceedings of Administration and Public Management International Conference, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 10(1), pages 115-119, June.
    22. Sijm, Jos & Lehmann, Paul & Chewpreecha, Unnada & Gawel, Erik & Mercure, Jean-Francois & Pollitt, Hector & Strunz, Sebastian, 2014. "EU climate and energy policy beyond 2020: Are additional targets and instruments for renewables economically reasonable?," UFZ Discussion Papers 3/2014, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
    23. Dolphin, G. G. & Pollitt, M. G. & Newbery, D. G., 2016. "The political economy of carbon pricing: a panel analysis," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1663, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    24. Spyridaki, N.-A. & Flamos, A., 2014. "A paper trail of evaluation approaches to energy and climate policy interactions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1090-1107.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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