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Wem wird gegeben? Matthäus-Effekte und geschlechtsspezifische Ungleichheiten auf dem Arbeitsmarkt für Filmschauspieler

  • Lutter, Mark
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    Reputation und Erfolgsanhäufungen spielen insbesondere in der postfordistischen Arbeitswelt eine bedeutsame Rolle. Das multiplikative Zusammenwirken zwischen derartigen 'Matthäus-Effekten' und geschlechtsspezifischen Ungleichheiten ist allerdings bislang kaum Gegenstand soziologischer Forschung gewesen. Folglich ist unklar, wie sich kumulierte berufliche Erfolge im Zeitverlauf auf Karriereungleichheiten zwischen den Geschlechtern auswirken. Verstärkt der Matthäuseffekt bestehende Genderdisparitäten? Oder hebelt er sie aus? Mithilfe eines Längsschnittdatensatzes, der vollständige Karriereverläufe von 8.146 deutschsprachigen Schauspielern im Zeitraum zwischen 1900 und 2010 erfasst, wird gezeigt, dass sich Erfolgsakkumulationen für Frauen vorteilhaft auswirken. Insgesamt bestehen zwar deutliche geschlechtsspezifische Ungleichheiten - Frauen haben signifikant schlechtere Chancen als Männer -, diese nivellieren sich jedoch mit der Anhäufung von Filmpreisen auf ein statistisch nicht mehr von null zu unterscheidendes Niveau. Die Ursachen könnten mit der über Erfolg gesteigerten Aufmerksamkeit zusammenhängen, die imstande ist, Opportunitäten für Benachteiligungen zu reduzieren.

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    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Discussion Paper with number 12/8.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgd:128
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    1. Petersen, Trond & Togstad, Thea, 2006. "Getting the Offer: Sex Discrimation in Hiring," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt1rt913mg, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
    2. Ezra W. Zuckerman & Tai-Young Kim, 2003. "The critical trade-off: identity assignment and box-office success in the feature film industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 27-67, February.
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    6. Achatz, Juliane & Gartner, Hermann & Glück, Timea, 2004. "Bonus oder Bias? Mechanismen geschlechtsspezifischer Entlohnung," IAB Discussion Paper 200402, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    7. Rosen, Sherwin, 1981. "The Economics of Superstars," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(5), pages 845-58, December.
    8. Elke Holst & Anne Busch, 2009. "Der "Gender Pay Gap" in Führungspositionen der Privatwirtschaft in Deutschland," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 169, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    9. Booth, Alison L. & Francesconi, Marco & Frank, Jeff, 2003. "A sticky floors model of promotion, pay, and gender," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 295-322, April.
    10. L. Randall Wray & Stephanie Bell, 2004. "Introduction," Chapters, in: Credit and State Theories of Money, chapter 1 Edward Elgar.
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