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Preismechanismus, Institutionen und Armut in Entwicklungsländern

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  • Hemmer, Hans-Rimbert

Abstract

Die Massenarmut in den Entwicklungsländern stellt ein großes Problem, ihre Beseitigung bzw. Minderung entsprechend ein wichtiges entwicklungspolitisches Ziel dar. Als arm gelten nach BMZ-Definition jene Menschen, die 'nicht über das Minimum an monetärem und nichtmonetärem Einkommen verfügen, welches zur Deckung ihres Nahrungsmittelbedarfs und zur Befriedigung der übrigen Grundbedürfnisse erforderlich ist'.1 Zu den Grundbedürfnissen gehören nach der Definition des Internationalen Arbeitsamtes (ILO)2 a) bestimmte Mindesterfordernisse einer Familie in bezug auf den privaten Verbrauch: Ausreichende Ernährung, Wohnung und Bekleidung, ferner bestimmte Haushaltsgeräte und Möbel; b) lebenswichtige Dienstleistungen der Gemeinschaft für die Gemeinschaft: Schaffung von Gesundheits- und Bildungseinrichtungen, Versorgung mit gesundem Trinkwasser, sanitäre Anlagen, Bereitstellung öffentlicher Verkehrsmittel.

Suggested Citation

  • Hemmer, Hans-Rimbert, 1996. "Preismechanismus, Institutionen und Armut in Entwicklungsländern," Discussion Papers in Development Economics 19, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute for Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:jluide:19
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    1. Barham, Vicky & Boadway, Robin & Marchand, Maurice & Pestieau, Pierre, 1995. "Education and the poverty trap," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 1257-1275, August.
    2. Mroz, Thomas A & Popkin, Barry M, 1995. "Poverty and the Economic Transition in the Russian Federation," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 44(1), pages 1-31, October.
    3. Hemmer, Hans-Rimbert, 1995. "Zur Problematik der Massenarmut in Entwicklungsländern: Der Zusammenhang zwischen der Mikro- und der Makroebene," Discussion Papers in Development Economics 17, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute for Development Economics.
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