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Fostering place-based innovation and internationalization – the new turn in German technology policy

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  • Dohse, Dirk
  • Fornahl, Dirk
  • Vehrke, Julian

Abstract

Since the mid-1990s German technology policy has experienced a paradigmatic shift from standard grant schemes towards a region-oriented and competition-based R&D policy. Currently, a new policy experiment, the InterClust contest, is under way, trying to simultaneously foster place-based innovation, R&D internationalization and the internationalization of innovative places. The current paper analyses the new policy, relating it to the recent literatures on heterogeneous firms and on cluster-life cycles, and presents results from a firm survey performed in 21 winner regions of InterClust. Findings show that the new funding scheme takes insights from recent theoretical developments into account and addresses important impediments to firm and cluster internationalization. Although it is too early for an overall assessment, it is argued that the long-term impact will critically depend on the inflow of heterogeneous knowledge and the strength of intra-regional mobilization effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Dohse, Dirk & Fornahl, Dirk & Vehrke, Julian, 2018. "Fostering place-based innovation and internationalization – the new turn in German technology policy," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 180843, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkie:180843
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Svante Andersson & Natasha Evers & Clemence Griot, 2013. "Local and international networks in small firm internationalization: cases from the Rhône-Alpes medical technology regional cluster," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(9-10), pages 867-888, December.
    2. Pierre‐Philippe Combes & Gilles Duranton & Laurent Gobillon & Diego Puga & Sébastien Roux, 2012. "The Productivity Advantages of Large Cities: Distinguishing Agglomeration From Firm Selection," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 80(6), pages 2543-2594, November.
    3. Dirk Engel & Timo Mitze & Roberto Patuelli & Janina Reinkowski, 2013. "Does Cluster Policy Trigger R&D Activity? Evidence from German Biotech Contests," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(11), pages 1735-1759, November.
    4. Lori Rosenkopf & Paul Almeida, 2003. "Overcoming Local Search Through Alliances and Mobility," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 49(6), pages 751-766, June.
    5. Max-Peter Menzel & Dirk Fornahl, 2010. "Cluster life cycles--dimensions and rationales of cluster evolution," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 205-238, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    industrial clusters; knowledge spillovers; technology policy;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • F61 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Microeconomic Impacts

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