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Interne Arbeitsmärkte und Einsatz temporärer Arbeitsverhältnisse : Eine Fallstudie mit Daten eines deutschen Dienstleistungsunternehmens

  • Oberst, Mathias
  • Schank, Thorsten
  • Schnabel, Claus

Die Auswertung von Personaldaten eines deutschen Unternehmens identifiziert einige Merkmale eines internen Arbeitsmarktes für die Stammbelegschaft von dauerhaft beschäftigten Mitarbeitern. Dazu zählen eine überdurchschnittlich lange und hierarchisch zunehmende Betriebszugehörigkeit sowie eine mit der Hierarchieebene steigende Entlohnung. Im Gegensatz zu einem idealtypischen internen Arbeitsmarkt nehmen jedoch die Lohndifferenziale nicht mit der Hierarchie überproportional zu, und Humankapitalvariablen spielen eine wichtigere Rolle bei der Entlohnung als Hierarchievariablen. Neben seiner Stammbelegschaft setzt das Unternehmen in starkem Maße auf eine Randbelegschaft von befristet Beschäftigten und Leiharbeitnehmern. Eine ökonometrische Analyse zeigt, dass die Kosten pro geleisteter Arbeitsstunde bei befristet Beschäftigten um 14 Prozent und bei Leiharbeitnehmern sogar um 29 Prozent unter denen vergleichbarer Stammmitarbeiter liegen. Dies deutet darauf hin, dass Unternehmen durch eine gelungene Mischung von Stamm- und Randbelegschaft Kosten- und Wettbewerbsvorteile haben können.

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Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 46.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:46
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