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Interne Arbeitsmärkte und Einsatz temporärer Arbeitsverhältnisse : Eine Fallstudie mit Daten eines deutschen Dienstleistungsunternehmens

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  • Oberst, Mathias
  • Schank, Thorsten
  • Schnabel, Claus

Abstract

Die Auswertung von Personaldaten eines deutschen Unternehmens identifiziert einige Merkmale eines internen Arbeitsmarktes für die Stammbelegschaft von dauerhaft beschäftigten Mitarbeitern. Dazu zählen eine überdurchschnittlich lange und hierarchisch zunehmende Betriebszugehörigkeit sowie eine mit der Hierarchieebene steigende Entlohnung. Im Gegensatz zu einem idealtypischen internen Arbeitsmarkt nehmen jedoch die Lohndifferenziale nicht mit der Hierarchie überproportional zu, und Humankapitalvariablen spielen eine wichtigere Rolle bei der Entlohnung als Hierarchievariablen. Neben seiner Stammbelegschaft setzt das Unternehmen in starkem Maße auf eine Randbelegschaft von befristet Beschäftigten und Leiharbeitnehmern. Eine ökonometrische Analyse zeigt, dass die Kosten pro geleisteter Arbeitsstunde bei befristet Beschäftigten um 14 Prozent und bei Leiharbeitnehmern sogar um 29 Prozent unter denen vergleichbarer Stammmitarbeiter liegen. Dies deutet darauf hin, dass Unternehmen durch eine gelungene Mischung von Stamm- und Randbelegschaft Kosten- und Wettbewerbsvorteile haben können.

Suggested Citation

  • Oberst, Mathias & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus, 2006. "Interne Arbeitsmärkte und Einsatz temporärer Arbeitsverhältnisse : Eine Fallstudie mit Daten eines deutschen Dienstleistungsunternehmens," Discussion Papers 46, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:46
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jahn Elke J., 2010. "Reassessing the Pay Gap for Temps in Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 230(2), pages 208-233, April.
    2. Jahn, Elke J., 2008. "Reassessing the Wage Penalty for Temps in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 3663, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interner Arbeitsmarkt; Leiharbeit; befristet Beschäftigte;

    JEL classification:

    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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