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Industriestruktur als Ursache für Produktivitätsunterschiede in Europa: Das Beispiel Estland

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  • Sepp, Jüri

Abstract

Die Hauptaufgabe des Aufsatzes ist die analytische Bewertung des Produktivitätsrückstandes der estnischen Industrie im Vergleich mit anderen EU-Ländern. Dabei werden wir den absoluten Rückstand durch zwei Hauptfaktoren erklären: 1) Durch die Industriestruktur im Sinne der Anteile der einzelnen Branchen an der Gesamtbeschäftigung und 2) durch individuelle Produktivität in der einzelnen Branchen. Es ist früher auch von uns behauptet worden, dass gerade alte Strukturen die wichtigste Rückstandsursache bilden. In diesem Aufsatz wird die relative Bedeutung dieses Faktors gemessen und wir können als Schlussfolgerung sagen, dass im Vergleich zu den Wohlstandsländern in West- und Nord-Europa, doch die einzelnen Branchenproduktivitäten den grössten Anteil an dem Gesamtrückstand bilden, und nicht die Strukturunterschiede. Das Verhältis liegt bei 80:20. Beim Vergleich mit den neuen Beitrittsländer gewinnt die Industriestruktur an Bedeutug. Wirtschaftspolitisch kann man hieraus die Schlussfolgerung ziehen: Es ist in Estland noch zu früh irgendwelche Branchenprioritäten zu setzen. Alle Branchen brauchen einen starken Innovations- und Produktivitätsschub.

Suggested Citation

  • Sepp, Jüri, 2009. "Industriestruktur als Ursache für Produktivitätsunterschiede in Europa: Das Beispiel Estland," Discussion Papers 1/09, Europa-Kolleg Hamburg, Institute for European Integration.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ekhdps:109
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ronald Bachmann & Michael C. Burda, 2010. "Sectoral Transformation, Turbulence and Labor Market Dynamics in Germany," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 11, pages 37-59, February.
    2. Andreas Breitenfellner & Antje Hildebrandt, 2006. "High Employment with Low Productivity? The Service Sector as a Determinant of Economic Development," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 110-135.
    3. Michael C. Burda, 2006. "Factor Reallocation in Eastern Germany after Reunification," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 368-374, May.
    4. Peter Havlik, 2005. "Structural Change, Productivity and Employment in the New EU Member States," wiiw Research Reports 313, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Industriestruktur; Produktivität; Transformation; Estland;

    JEL classification:

    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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