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Blockholder dispersion and firm value

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  • Konijn, Sander J. J.
  • Kräussl, Roman
  • Lucas, André

Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of blockownership dispersion on firm value. Blockholdings by multiple blockholders is a widespread phenomenon in the U.S. market. It is not clear, however, whether dispersion among blockholder is preferable to having a more concentrated ownership structure. To test for the direction of the effect, we use a large dataset of U.S. firms that combines blockholder information, shareholder rights information, debt ratings, accounting information, and financial markets information. We find that a large fraction of aggregated block ownership negatively affects Tobin's Q. The negative impact is larger if blockowners are more dispersed, suggesting that a concentrated ownership structure is to be preferred on average. Results are robust to controlling for blockholder type as well as proxies for shareholder rights. Our empirical findings are also confirmed if we study the impact of ownership dispersion on firm debt ratings rather than Tobin's Q.

Suggested Citation

  • Konijn, Sander J. J. & Kräussl, Roman & Lucas, André, 2010. "Blockholder dispersion and firm value," CFS Working Paper Series 2010/05, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cfswop:201005
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    Cited by:

    1. Carosi, Andrea, 2016. "Do local causations matter? The effect of firm location on the relations of ROE, R&D, and firm SIZE with MARKET-TO-BOOK," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 388-409.
    2. Yasuharu Aoki, 2014. "How Does the Largest Shareholder Affect Dividends?," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 14(4), pages 613-645, December.
    3. Gilson, Ronald J. & Schwartz, Alan, 2015. "Corporate control and credible commitment," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 119-130.
    4. repec:eee:corfin:v:44:y:2017:i:c:p:1-14 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:reveco:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:370-385 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Golbe, Devra L. & Nyman, Ingmar, 2013. "How do share repurchases affect ownership concentration?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 22-40.
    7. Lionel Almeida, 2015. "Who are the controlling shareholders? Degree and seniority of control, and CEO pay monitoring," EconomiX Working Papers 2015-27, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    8. De-la-Hoz, Maria Camila & Pombo, Carlos, 2016. "Institutional investor heterogeneity and firm valuation: Evidence from Latin America," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 197-221.
    9. Fang-Yi LO & Shih-Kuan CHIU & Pei-Wen SHIH, 2016. "Ownership Concentration, Location, and Internalization Advantage in Financial Performance," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(3), pages 82-93, September.
    10. Cheng, Minying & Lin, Bingxuan & Wei, Minghai, 2013. "How does the relationship between multiple large shareholders affect corporate valuations? Evidence from China," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 43-70.
    11. repec:eee:reveco:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:214-234 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Alex Edmans & Gustavo Manso, 2011. "Governance Through Trading and Intervention: A Theory of Multiple Blockholders," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 24(7), pages 2395-2428.
    13. Tsai, Han-Fang & Lin, Tsui-Jung & Hung, Jung-Hua, 2015. "The effects of the split share structure reform on Chinese listed firms’ leverage decisions," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 86-100.
    14. Mário Santos & António Moreira & Elisabete Vieira, 2014. "Ownership concentration, contestability, family firms, and capital structure," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 18(4), pages 1063-1107, November.
    15. repec:eee:corfin:v:45:y:2017:i:c:p:294-317 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Roberto Álvarez & Mauricio Jara-Bertín & Carlos Pombo, 2016. "Do institutional investors unbind firm financial constraints? Evidence from emerging markets," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 015114, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    17. repec:eee:corfin:v:47:y:2017:i:c:p:110-130 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Edmans, Alex & Holderness, Clifford, 2016. "Blockholders: A Survey of Theory and Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 11442, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    19. Pombo, Carlos & Taborda, Rodrigo, 2017. "Stock liquidity and second blockholder as drivers of corporate value: Evidence from Latin America," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 214-234.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corporate Governance; Ownership Structure; Multiple Blockholders; Firm Value;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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