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Identification of prior information via moment-matching

  • Sacht, Stephen

In this paper we apply a sensitivity analysis regarding two types of prior information considered within the Bayesian estimation of a standard hybrid New-Keynesian model. In particular, we shed a light on the impact of micro- and macropriors on the estimation outcome. First, we investigate the impact of the transformation of those model parameters which are bounded to the unit interval, in order to allow for a more diffuse prior distribution. Second, we combine the Moment-Matching (MM, Franke et al. (2012)) and Bayesian technique in order to evaluate macropriors. In this respect we define a two-stage estimation procedure - the so-called Moment-Matching based Bayesian (MoMBay) estimation approach - where we take the point estimates evaluated via MM and consider them as prior mean values of the parameters within Bayesian estimation. We show that while (transformed) micropriors are often used in the literature, applying macropriors evaluated via the MoMBay approach leads to a better fit of the structural model to the data. Furthermore, there is evidence for intrinsic (degree of price indexation) rather than extrinsic (autocorrelation in the shock process) persistence - an observation which stands in contradiction to the results documented in the recent literature.

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Paper provided by Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics in its series Economics Working Papers with number 2014-04.

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Date of creation: 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:zbw:cauewp:201404
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  1. Franke, Reiner & Jang, Tae-Seok & Sacht, Stephen, 2015. "Moment matching versus Bayesian estimation: Backward-looking behaviour in a New-Keynesian baseline model," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 126-154.
  2. Lombardi, Marco J. & Nicoletti, Giulio, 2012. "Bayesian prior elicitation in DSGE models: Macro- vs micropriors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 294-313.
  3. Sacht, Stephen, 2014. "Optimal monetary policy responses and welfare analysis within the highfrequency New-Keynesian framework," Economics Working Papers 2014-03, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
  4. Sacht, Stephen, 2014. "Analysis of various shocks within the high-frequency versions of the baseline New-Keynesian model," Economics Working Papers 2014-02, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
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