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Export-Supporting FDI

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  • Krautheim, Sebastian

Abstract

Wholesale and retail trade affiliates owned by parent firms in manufacturing account for a considerable fraction of overall affiliate sales. Although quantitatively important, this Export-Supporting FDI (ESFDI) activity has received little attention in the literature. This paper includes ESFDI into a model of trade and horizontal FDI with heterogeneous firms. ESFDI is characterized by export-supporting distribution and service activities in the foreign market while production remains in the home country. This introduces some complementarity between trade and FDI. In the model falling trade costs lead to an increase in both overall trade and overall FDI activity. This provides a possible explanation for the simultaneous rise in trade and FDI in the data. An empirical analysis using German firm level FDI data confirms the quantitative importance of ESFDI. The data also support crucial implications of the theoretical model. Parents choosing ESFDI are smaller than firms choosing to produce in the foreign market. And the importance of ESFDI relative to horizontal FDI is strongest when variable trade costs are low.

Suggested Citation

  • Krautheim, Sebastian, 2009. "Export-Supporting FDI," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2009,20, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdp1:200920
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Engel, Dirk & Procher, Vivien, 2009. "Export, FDI and Productivity – Evidence for French Firms," Ruhr Economic Papers 111, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    2. Spies, Julia, 2010. "Network and border effects: Where do foreign multinationals locate in Germany?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 20-32, January.
    3. Dirk Engel & Vivien Procher, 2013. "Home Firm Performance After Foreign Investments and Divestitures," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(12), pages 1478-1493, December.
    4. Zhan Qu & Horst Raff & Nicolas Schmitt, 2015. "Inventory Control and Intermediation in Global Supply Chains," CESifo Working Paper Series 5269, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Gabriel Felbermayr & Benjamin Jung, 2011. "Trade Intermediation and the Organization of Exporters," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(4), pages 634-648, September.
    6. Bruce A. Blonigen & Donghyun Lee, 2016. "Heterogeneous Frictional Costs Across Industries in Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions," NBER Working Papers 22546, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. repec:eee:reveco:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:645-659 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Jörn Kleinert & Farid Toubal, 2013. "Production versus distribution-oriented FDI," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 149(3), pages 423-442, September.
    9. Martin Coiteux & Patrick Rizzetto & Lena Suchanek & Jane Voll, 2014. "Why Do Canadian Firms Invest and Operate Abroad? Implications for Canadian Exports," Discussion Papers 14-7, Bank of Canada.
    10. Conconi, Paola & Sapir, André & Zanardi, Maurizio, 2016. "The internationalization process of firms: From exports to FDI," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 16-30.
    11. Luigi Bonatti & Andrea Fracasso, 2013. "The German Model and the European Crisis," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(6), pages 1023-1039, November.
    12. Luigi Bonatti & Andrea Fracasso, 2012. "A Germans� dilemma: save the euro or preserve their socio-economic model," Department of Economics Working Papers 1207, Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia.
    13. Gabriel Felbermayr & Benjamin Jung, 2011. "Trade Intermediation and the Organization of Exporters," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(4), pages 634-648, September.
    14. V. Vicard, 2015. "Profit shifting through transfer pricing: evidence from French firm level trade data," Working papers 555, Banque de France.
    15. Schwab, Jakob & Ortseifer, Christina, 2015. "Reaping the Gains: Specialization and Capital Flows," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113194, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    16. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:2:p:778-793 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exports; horizontal FDI; multinational companies; wholesale trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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