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Unternehmensfinanzierung, Unternehmensrechtsform und Besteuerung

  • Maiterth, Ralf
  • Sureth, Caren
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    Eine allokativ effiziente rechtsform- und finanzierungsneutrale Besteuerung ist nicht praktikabel, wenn Kapitaleinkommen progressiv belastet werden sollen. In diesem Fall müßte die Körperschaftsteuer um Wege einer Teilhabersteuer vollständig in die Einkommensteuer integriert werden. Finanzierungs- und Rechtsformneutralität sind nur durch eine Schedulensteuer erreichbar, wenn sämtliche Kapitaleinkommen proportional besteuert werden. Im internationalen Kontext erfordert Rechtsform- und Finanzierungsneutralität identische Steuersysteme in den einzelnen Staaten und ist daher nicht umsetzbar. Das deutsche Steuerrecht wirkt trotz gegenteiliger Behauptungen im Hinblick auf die unternehmerische Durchschnittssteuerbelastung weitgehend rechtsformneutral. Finanzierungsneutralität herrscht dagegen nur annähernd bei Personengesellschaften, nicht jedoch bei Kapitalgesellschaften.

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    Paper provided by arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre in its series arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research with number 15.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:arqudp:15
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    1. John R. Graham, 2003. "Taxes and Corporate Finance: A Review," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 16(4), pages 1075-1129.
    2. Klein, Peter, 1999. "The capital gain lock-in effect and equilibrium returns," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(3), pages 355-378, March.
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    4. Peter Sørensen, 1994. "From the global income tax to the dual income tax: Recent tax reforms in the Nordic countries," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 57-79, February.
    5. Lachmund, Andreas & Kiesewetter, Dirk, 2004. "Wirkungen einer Abgeltungssteuer auf Investitionsentscheidungen und Kapitalstruktur von Unternehmen," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 278, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    6. Sureth, Caren & Langeleh, Dirk, 2005. "Capital gains taxation under different tax regimes," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 6, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
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    8. Hermann, Rico A. & Spengel, Christoph & Jacobs, Otto H. & Stetter, Thorsten, 2003. "Steueroptimale Rechtsformwahl: Personengesellschaften besser als Kapitalgesellschaften," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-30, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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    15. Klein, Peter, 2001. "The capital gain lock-in effect and long-horizon return reversal," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 33-62, January.
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