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Wirkungen einer Abgeltungssteuer auf Investitionsentscheidungen und Kapitalstruktur von Unternehmen

  • Lachmund, Andreas
  • Kiesewetter, Dirk

Die isolierte Einführung einer Abgeltungssteuer hat erhebliche Änderungen der Rahmendaten für alle Investitions- und Finanzierungsentscheidungen im Inland ansässiger Investoren in Personenunternehmen und Kapitalgesellschaften zur Folge. Durch eine abgeltend besteuerte Anlagealternative wird eine zum persönlichen Grenzsteuersatz besteuerte, eigenfinanzierte gewerbliche Investition relativ unattraktiver, woraus sich Konsequenzen für die Investitionsund Finanzierungsstruktur des Unternehmenssektors ergeben können. Dieser Beitrag analysiert mögliche Auswirkungen einer Abgeltungssteuer auf unternehmerische Entscheidungen im Kontext der deutschen Einkommen- und Körperschaftsteuer nach der aktuellen Rechtslage (Abschnitte 2 und 3). Daran anschließend werden Vorschläge für flankierende Veränderungen der Unternehmensbesteuerung entwickelt, durch die unerwünschte Effekte der Abgeltungssteuer auf Finanzierungsentscheidungen vermieden werden (Abschnitt 4). Insbesondere wird gezeigt, dass dies auch ohne eine allgemeine Senkung der Steuerbelastung auf unternehmerische Gewinne auf das Niveau der Abgeltungssteuer möglich ist. Die Untersuchung erfolgt anhand von Entscheidungskalkülen eines unbeschränkt ESt-pflichtigen Investors für ausgewählte Investitions- und Finanzierungsentscheidungen.

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Paper provided by University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics in its series Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge with number 278.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuedps:278
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  1. Genser, Bernd, 1995. "Austria's steps towards a dual income tax," Discussion Papers, Series II 288, University of Konstanz, Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) 178 "Internationalization of the Economy".
  2. repec:zbw:esmono:92547 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Nielsen, Soren Bo & Sorensen, Peter Birch, 1997. "On the optimality of the Nordic system of dual income taxation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 311-329, February.
  4. Alan J. Auerbach & David F. Bradford, 2001. "Generalized Cash Flow Taxation," Working Papers 131, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
  5. Bond, Stephen R. & Devereux, Michael P., 2003. "Generalised R-based and S-based taxes under uncertainty," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(5-6), pages 1291-1311, May.
  6. Boadway, Robin & Bruce, Neil, 1984. "A general proposition on the design of a neutral business tax," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 231-239, July.
  7. Bonds, Stephen R. & Devereux, Michael P., 1995. "On the design of a neutral business tax under uncertainty," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 57-71, September.
  8. Peter Birch Sørensen, 2003. "Neutral Taxation of Shareholder Income: A Norwegian Tax Reform Proposal," CESifo Working Paper Series 1036, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Peter Sørensen, 1994. "From the global income tax to the dual income tax: Recent tax reforms in the Nordic countries," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 57-79, February.
  10. Annette Alstadsæter, 2003. "The Dual Income Tax and Firms' Income Shifting through the Choice of Organizational Form and Real Capital Investments," CESifo Working Paper Series 1018, CESifo Group Munich.
  11. Peter Birch Sørensen, 2003. "Neutral Taxation of Shareholder Income: A Norwegian Tax Reform Proposal," EPRU Working Paper Series 03-06, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
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