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Wirkungen einer Abgeltungssteuer auf Investitionsentscheidungen und Kapitalstruktur von Unternehmen

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  • Lachmund, Andreas
  • Kiesewetter, Dirk

Abstract

Die isolierte Einführung einer Abgeltungssteuer hat erhebliche Änderungen der Rahmendaten für alle Investitions- und Finanzierungsentscheidungen im Inland ansässiger Investoren in Personenunternehmen und Kapitalgesellschaften zur Folge. Durch eine abgeltend besteuerte Anlagealternative wird eine zum persönlichen Grenzsteuersatz besteuerte, eigenfinanzierte gewerbliche Investition relativ unattraktiver, woraus sich Konsequenzen für die Investitionsund Finanzierungsstruktur des Unternehmenssektors ergeben können. Dieser Beitrag analysiert mögliche Auswirkungen einer Abgeltungssteuer auf unternehmerische Entscheidungen im Kontext der deutschen Einkommen- und Körperschaftsteuer nach der aktuellen Rechtslage (Abschnitte 2 und 3). Daran anschließend werden Vorschläge für flankierende Veränderungen der Unternehmensbesteuerung entwickelt, durch die unerwünschte Effekte der Abgeltungssteuer auf Finanzierungsentscheidungen vermieden werden (Abschnitt 4). Insbesondere wird gezeigt, dass dies auch ohne eine allgemeine Senkung der Steuerbelastung auf unternehmerische Gewinne auf das Niveau der Abgeltungssteuer möglich ist. Die Untersuchung erfolgt anhand von Entscheidungskalkülen eines unbeschränkt ESt-pflichtigen Investors für ausgewählte Investitions- und Finanzierungsentscheidungen.

Suggested Citation

  • Lachmund, Andreas & Kiesewetter, Dirk, 2004. "Wirkungen einer Abgeltungssteuer auf Investitionsentscheidungen und Kapitalstruktur von Unternehmen," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 278, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuedps:278
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Claudia Wesselbaum-Neugebauer, 2008. "§ 34a EStG - Einstieg in eine rechtsformneutrale Besteuerung oder Option für ein virtuelles Trennungsprinzip?," Schumpeter Discussion Papers sdp08009, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
    9. Heger, Diana & Zaby, Alexandra K., 2009. "The propensity to patent with vertically differentiated products: An empirical investigation," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 325, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    10. Homburg, Stefan & Houben, Henriette & Maiterth, Ralf, 2008. "Optimale Eigenfinanzierung der Personenunternehmen nach der Unternehmensteuerreform 2008/2009," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 29-47.
    11. Maiterth, Ralf & Sureth, Caren, 2006. "Unternehmensfinanzierung, Unternehmensrechtsform und Besteuerung," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 15, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
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    15. Dymke, Björn M. & Walter, Andreas, 2006. "Insider trading in Germany: Do corporate insiders exploit inside information?," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 309, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    16. Franz W. Wagner, 2006. "Was bedeutet Steuervereinfachung wirklich?," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 7(1), pages 19-33, February.
    17. Rostek, Stefan & Schöbel, Rainer, 2006. "Risk preference based option pricing in a fractional Brownian market," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 299, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
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    19. Frontczak, Robert & Schöbel, Rainer, 2009. "On modified Mellin transforms, Gauss-Laguerre quadrature, and the valuation of American call options," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 320, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    20. Maßbaum, Alexandra & Sureth, Caren, 2008. "The impact of thin capitalization rules on shareholder financing," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 39, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
    21. Brandes, Julia & Schüle, Tobias, 2007. "IMF's assistance: Devil's kiss or guardian angel?," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 310, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    22. Dirk, Schmidtmann, 2010. "Optimierung der Tarifvergünstigungen für außerordentliche Einkünfte und des negativen Progressionsvorbehalts durch die Schedulenbesteuerung gem. § 34a EStG und §§ 32d, 43 Abs. 5 EStG
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    23. Maier, Ramona & Merz, Michael, 2008. "Credibility theory and filter theory in discrete and continuous time," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 318, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    24. Rumpf, Dominik, 2013. "Zinsbereinigung bei der Dualen Einkommensteuer," Beiträge zur Finanzwissenschaft, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, edition 1, volume 32, number urn:isbn:9783161528699.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies

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