IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zbw/arqudp/94.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Finanzierungsstrategien und ihre Auswirkungen auf den Unternehmenswert deutscher Immobilien-Kapitalgesellschaften

Author

Listed:
  • Schönemann, Kristin

Abstract

Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht die steuerinduzierten Wirkungen der Außenfinanzierung auf den Unternehmenswert von Immobilien-Kapitalgesellschaften. Im diesem Bereich existieren neben der gewerblichen Immobilien-AG steuerbegünstigte Rechtsformen, wie die vermögensverwaltende Immobilien-AG und der Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT). Die vollständige Steuerbefreiung des REITs ist mit gesetzlichen Verpflichtungen hinsichtlich Ausschüttungs- und Eigenkapitalquote verbunden. Wie diese Regelungen den steuerlich optimalen Entscheidungen entgegenwirken, wird über die Ermittlung der Mindestrenditeanforderungen quantifiziert. Der benötigte Unternehmenswert wird über ein Modell, welches Innen- und Außenfinanzierung berücksichtigt, bestimmt. Die Reihung der Mindestrenditen der unverschuldeten Rechtsformen entspricht dem Grad der Steuerpflicht. Es wird gezeigt, dass sich die Mindestrenditeanforderungen der Immobilien-AGs unter Berücksichtigung von Außenfinanzierung einander angleichen. Während die gewerbliche und vermögensverwaltende Immobilien-AG von der Außenfinanzierung profitieren, steigt die Renditeanforderung des REITs aufgrund der gesetzlichen Vorgaben. Bei entsprechendem Wachstum kann die flexiblere vermögensverwaltende Immobilien-AG den ertragsteuerlichen Vorteil des REITs kompensieren.

Suggested Citation

  • Schönemann, Kristin, 2009. "Finanzierungsstrategien und ihre Auswirkungen auf den Unternehmenswert deutscher Immobilien-Kapitalgesellschaften," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 94, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:arqudp:94
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/39065/1/622866451.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Caren Sureth & Dirk Langeleh, 2007. "The Degree of Integrating Corporate and Capital Gains Tax into Income Tax and its Impact on Investment Decisions," Schmalenbach Business Review (sbr), LMU Munich School of Management, vol. 59(4), pages 310-339, October.
    2. Gerardi, Geraldine & Graetz, Michael J. & Rosen, Harvey S., 1990. "Corporate Integration Puzzles," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 43(3), pages 307-14, September.
    3. M. J. Gordon, 1963. "Optimal Investment And Financing Policy," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 18(2), pages 264-272, May.
    4. Arnold C. Harberger, 1962. "The Incidence of the Corporation Income Tax," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 215-215.
    5. Bradford, David F., 1981. "The incidence and allocation effects of a tax on corporate distributions," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 1-22, February.
    6. Kiesewetter, Dirk & Rumpf, Dominik, 2009. "Was kostet eine finanzierungsneutrale Besteuerung von Kapitalgesellschaften?," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 71, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
    7. Zodrow, George R., 1991. "On the 'Traditional' and 'New' Views of Dividend Taxation," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 44(4), pages 497-509, December.
    8. Myron J. Gordon & Eli Shapiro, 1956. "Capital Equipment Analysis: The Required Rate of Profit," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 3(1), pages 102-110, October.
    9. Merton H. Miller & Franco Modigliani, 1961. "Dividend Policy, Growth, and the Valuation of Shares," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 34, pages 411-411.
    10. Gerardi, Geraldine & Graetz, Michael J. & Rosen, Harvey S., 1990. "Corporate Integration Puzzles," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 43(3), pages 307-314, September.
    11. Mervyn A. King, 1974. "Taxation and the Cost of Capital," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(1), pages 21-35.
    12. Myers, Stewart C., 1984. "Capital structure puzzle," Working papers 1548-84., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    13. Zodrow, George R., 1991. "On the 'Traditional' and 'New' Views of Dividend Taxation," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 44(4), pages 497-509, December.
    14. Miller, Merton H, 1977. "Debt and Taxes," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(2), pages 261-275, May.
    15. Peter Birch Soerensen, "undated". "Changing Views of the Corporate Income Tax," EPRU Working Paper Series 95-05, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    16. Myers, Stewart C, 1984. " The Capital Structure Puzzle," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 39(3), pages 575-592, July.
    17. Homburg, Stefan, 2010. "Allgemeine Steuerlehre," EconStor Books, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, number 92547, August.
    18. Stewart C. Myers, 1984. "Capital Structure Puzzle," NBER Working Papers 1393, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Alan J. Auerbach, 1979. "Wealth Maximization and the Cost of Capital," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 93(3), pages 433-446.
    20. Niemann, Rainer & Sureth, Caren, 2004. "Tax neutrality under irreversibility and risk aversion," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 43-47, July.
    21. Stiglitz, Joseph E., 1973. "Taxation, corporate financial policy, and the cost of capital," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 1-34, February.
    22. Mervyn A. King & Don Fullerton, 1984. "The Taxation of Income from Capital: A Comparative Study of the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Germany," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number king84-1, July.
    23. Kay Blaufus & Jochen Hundsdoerfer, 2008. "Taxes and the choice between risky and risk-free debt: on the neutrality of credit default taxation," Review of Managerial Science, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 161-181, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Immobilien-Kapitalgesellschaften; Neutralität; Kapitalkosten; Finanzierungsentscheidung; Tax Shield; Mindestrendite; real estate corporations; neutrality; financing decisions; cost of capital; tax;

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:arqudp:94. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics). General contact details of provider: http://www.arqus.info/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.