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Bonds and bridges, and between: An empirical analysis of group-based trust

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  • Stephany, Fabian
  • Braesemann, Fabian

Abstract

Social capital is often represented by generalized trust - the degree to which one trusts "most (unknown) people". It is assumed to be enhanced by diverse group interactions. In the social capital literature, it is opposed by particularized trust, which represents our mutual confidence in individuals close to us, for example, family members and friends. This study, based on a survey with 634 university students from Austria, questions the existing dichotomy between the two trust types. Our results advocate in favour of a third, community determined type of trust. This additional trust dimension is measured by the number of groups the individuals participate in. It changes between particularized and generalized trust, depending on measures of group context, like frequency of interaction or group size. Thus, the results support hypotheses made in the recent literature about the multidimensionality of trust and quantify the effect of group participation on trust.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephany, Fabian & Braesemann, Fabian, 2017. "Bonds and bridges, and between: An empirical analysis of group-based trust," Working Papers 09, Agenda Austria.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:agawps:09
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter Dinesen, 2011. "A Note on the Measurement of Generalized Trust of Immigrants and Natives," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 103(1), pages 169-177, August.
    2. Luigi Guiso & Paola Sapienza & Luigi Zingales, 2004. "The Role of Social Capital in Financial Development," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 526-556, June.
    3. Forte, Anabel & Peiró-Palomino, Jesús & Tortosa-Ausina, Emili, 2015. "Does social capital matter for European regional growth?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 47-64.
    4. Markus M. L. Crepaz & Jonathan T. Polk & Ryan S. Bakker & Shane P. Singh, 2014. "Trust Matters: The Impact of Ingroup and Outgroup Trust on Nativism and Civicness," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 95(4), pages 938-959, December.
    5. La Porta, Rafael, et al, 1997. "Trust in Large Organizations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 333-338, May.
    6. Stephen Knack & Philip Keefer, 1997. "Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? A Cross-Country Investigation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1251-1288.
    7. Alesina, Alberto & La Ferrara, Eliana, 2002. "Who trusts others?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 207-234, August.
    8. Alberto Alesina & Reza Baqir & William Easterly, 1999. "Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1243-1284.
    9. Lars Torpe & Henrik Lolle, 2011. "Identifying Social Trust in Cross-Country Analysis: Do We Really Measure the Same?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 103(3), pages 481-500, September.
    10. Schild, Christopher-Johannes, 2013. "Generalized trust and regional innovation activity," FAU Discussion Papers in Economics 02/2012, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Institute for Economics.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Braesemann, Fabian & Stephany, Fabian, 2019. "United in Diversity? An Empirical Investigation on Europe's Regional Social Capital," SocArXiv esgra, Center for Open Science.
    2. Stephany, Fabian, 2020. "It's Not Only Size That Matters: Trust and E-Government Success in Europe," SocArXiv cqfhr, Center for Open Science.
    3. Stephany, Fabian, 2019. "Whose Realm, His Trust - Regional Disparities of Generalized Trust in Europe," SocArXiv 7f5pk, Center for Open Science.
    4. Stephany, Fabian & Braesemann, Fabian & Graham, Mark, 2019. "Coding Together - Coding Alone: The Role of Trust in Collaborative Programming," SocArXiv 8rf2h, Center for Open Science.
    5. Stephany, Fabian, 2019. "How Unique is "E-stonia"? A Cross-Country Comparison of E-Services Usage in Europe," SocArXiv y4z73, Center for Open Science.
    6. Darius, Philipp & Stephany, Fabian, 2019. "Twitter "Hashjacked": Online Polarisation Strategies of Germany's Political Far-Right," SocArXiv 6gbc9, Center for Open Science.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Generalized Trust; Networks; Social Capital; Panel Data; Instrumental Variables;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • D70 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - General
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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