The Neoclassical Model, Corporate Retained Earnings, And The Regional Flows Of Financial Capital
Regional capital expenditures, which reflect regional flows of financial capital, are a function of the aggregate of individual firms' behavior. Hence, the allocational efficiency of the regional flows of financial capital may be affected by the manner--internal versus external--in which financial capital becomes available to manufacturing firms. Allocational inefficiency (sub-optimal allocation of financial capital) could obtain since corporate retained earnings - the amount of funds that are internally available to large firms - are only minimally subject to the market rationing process. Even though the capital market is cleared, it may do so without providing for the efficient allocation of financial capital. The existence of differential rates in regional financial markets may reflect the costs associated with the use of funds in a truncated or discontinuous national capital market. Accordingly, equilibrium experienced in the capital market may exist under non- Paretian conditions. This paper attempts to determine whether the allocation of regional financial capital flows is efficient as suggested by the neoclassical model (NCM). Specifically, the study attempts to ascertain whether corporate retained earnings model (CREM) is a better predictor of the regional flow of financial capital than the NCM. In accordance with the NCM, for the period under study, it is hypothesized that: regions with high rates of return are regions with high growth rates of corporate income that experience lower variability of annual capital investments than regions with low rates of return. In accordance with the CREM, it is postulated that regions with high average annual capital investment-output ratios are regions with high corporate income and low average rates of return on corporate assets. Surrogate measures of financial capital flows and the volatility of such flows were used. The test results, which may not be generalizable beyond the study period, suggest that the CREM may be a better predictor of the regional flow of financial capital than the NCM and that the financial capital rationing process for regional manufacturing investments may be inefficient. The finding, that the corporate earnings retention influences the flow of financial capital, does suggest that the NCM does not always hold. This study should enhance the understanding of regional flows of financial capital and the models (revolving around the state- region and industry region) used in the study refine and extend the scope of regional economic analysis.
|Date of creation:||27 Oct 2004|
|Note:||Type of Document - bin; pages: 44. The neoclassical model (NCM)is the main predictive model of regional financial capital flows. This paper introduces the corporate retained earnings model (CREM) as another potential predictor of the regional flow of financial capital. The existence of differential rates in regional financial markets may reflect the costs associated with the use of funds in a truncated or discontinuous national capital market.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://econwpa.repec.org|
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gordon M Phillips & Vojislav Maksimovic, 1999. "Do Conglomerate Firms Allocate Resources Inefficiently?," Working Papers 99-11, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Timothy J. Bartik, 2003. "Local Economic Development Policies," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 03-91, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
- Timothy J. Bartik, 1991. "Who Benefits from State and Local Economic Development Policies?," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number wbsle, June.
- Opler, Tim & Pinkowitz, Lee & Stulz, Rene & Williamson, Rohan, 1999.
"The determinants and implications of corporate cash holdings,"
Journal of Financial Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 3-46, April.
- Tim Opler & Lee Pinkowitz & Rene Stulz & Rohan Williamson, 1997. "The Determinants and Implications of Corporate Cash Holdings," NBER Working Papers 6234, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Winter, Joachim, 1998. "Does firms' financial status affect plant-level investment and exit decisions?," Papers 98-48, Sonderforschungsbreich 504.
- Winter, Joachim, 1998. "Does Firms` Financial Status Affect Plant-Level Investment and Exit Decision," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 98-48, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim;Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
- Joachim K Winter, 1999. "Does Firms' Financial Status Affect Plant-Level Investment and Exit Decisions?," Working Papers 99-3, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Patricia E. Beeson & Steven Husted, 1986. "Patterns and determinants of inefficiency in state manufacturing," Working Paper 8603, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
- Gasper A. Garofalo & Steven Yamarik, 2002. "Regional Convergence: Evidence From A New State-By-State Capital Stock Series," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 316-323, May.
- Stacy Kottman, 1992. "Regional employment by industry: do returns to capital matter?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Sep, pages 13-25.
- Weber, William L. & Domazlicky, Bruce R., 1999. "Total factor productivity growth in manufacturing: a regional approach using linear programming," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 105-122, January.
- Yolanda K. Henderson & Jeffrey B. Liebman, 1992. "Capital costs, industrial mix, and the composition of business investment," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Jan, pages 67-92.
- Garofalo, Gasper A. & Malhotra, Devinder M., 1992. "A regional comparison of the impact of changes in input prices on input demand for U.S. manufacturing," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 213-228, June. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0410007. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (EconWPA)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.