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Dividend and Capital Gains Taxation in a Cross-Section of Firms

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  • Martin D. Dietz

    (University of St. Gallen, Institut fur Finanzwirtschaft und Finanzrecht IFF-HSG)

Abstract

I reconsider the effect of capital income taxation on firm size and firm growth by embedding the nucleus theory of firm development of Sinn (1991) into a framework of monopolistic competition with new firm creation. In a turnover of firms, firm destruction is counterbalanced by a permanent creation of new firms. Young firms are set up using an initial capital infusion of new equity and undergo an intermediate stage of internal growth until they finally reach a steady payout stage. The cross-section then contains firms of all ages and development stages. Dividend and capital gains tax have important effects on initial firm size and growth but also on the creation of new firms and thus on diversity in the economy. First, a differential treatment of dividends and capital gains introduces a distortion in the allocation of capital across firms. Second, dividend as well as capital gains tax are anticipated at the start-up stage of firms. While leaving the firm specific capital stock unaffected, the capitalisation is shown to depress firm creation and aggregate capital accumulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin D. Dietz, 2004. "Dividend and Capital Gains Taxation in a Cross-Section of Firms," Public Economics 0405004, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwppe:0405004
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 28
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Seppo Kari & Jussi Laitila, 2015. "Nonlinear Dividend Tax and the Dynamics of the Firm," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 71(2), pages 153-177, June.
    2. Vesa Kanniainen & Seppo Kari & Jouko Ylä-Liedenpohja, 2005. "The Start-Up and Growth Stages in Enterprise Formation: The “New View” of Dividend Taxation Reconsidered," CESifo Working Paper Series 1476, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Vesa Kanniainen & Seppo Kari & Jouko Ylä-Liedenpohja, 2007. "Nordic dual income taxation of entrepreneurs," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 14(4), pages 407-426, August.
    4. Christian Keuschnigg & Martin Dietz, 2007. "A growth oriented dual income tax," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 14(2), pages 191-221, April.
    5. Roger Gordon & Martin Dietz, 2006. "Dividends and Taxes," NBER Working Papers 12292, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Henrekson, Magnus & Sanandaji, Tino, 2016. "Owner-Level Taxes and Business Activity," Foundations and Trends(R) in Entrepreneurship, now publishers, vol. 12(1), pages 1-94, March.
    7. Douhan, Robin & Henrekson, Magnus, 2007. "The Political Economy of Entrepreneurship," Working Paper Series 716, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital income taxation; investment; firm creation; aggregate production.;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies

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