IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Environmental Awareness and Sustainable Development

Listed author(s):
  • Rahul Shastri

    (National Akademi of Development)

Sustainable development depends upon participation by the people, and their awareness of the environmental effects of their actions. This paper analyses the awareness of the deforesting effect (DFE) of firewood use in the users. It shows that those who bear the costs of deforestation, either by travelling long distances, or by buying all their firewood, are more likely to be aware than others of DFE. Specifically, ceteris paribus, households that buy all their firewood are 3 times as likely to be aware as households that collect at least part of their firewood, ceteris paribus. Likewise, every extra kilometre travelled to collect free firewood increases the odds of awareness by 94%, ceteris paribus. Income, education of the head, and community affiliation show no significant association with awareness. However, those in poorer dwellings are more likely to be aware of the DFE than those in pucca houses, ceteris paribus. Large cultivators are more likely to be aware of DFE, whereas ag. Labour are less likely to be aware than other occupations, controlling for other factors. Significantly, firewood users in less fertile districts appear to be more likely to be aware of the DFE effect than firewood users in more fertile districts. This study also reveals the severe limitations of tools of bivariate analysis (correlations, cross-tabulations, chi- squares) in multivariate situations involving survey data. In some cases bivariate tools fail to detect associations revealed to be significant by logistic analysis, and in other cases, they detect a spurious association by attributing the effects of excluded variables to the included independent variable. The results of the study suggest that reforestation/social forestry efforts should shortlist villages far removed from free firewood, or purchasing their entire stock of firewood. And that education of DFE should have a special focus on agricultural labour, dwellers of pucca houses, and more fertile districts, relative to other groups.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Others with number 0504001.

in new window

Length: 7 pages
Date of creation: 04 Apr 2005
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpot:0504001
Note: Type of Document - doc; pages: 7
Contact details of provider: Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Ravindranath, N. H. & Hall, D. O., 1995. "Biomass, Energy, and Environment: A Developing Country Perspective from India," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198564362.
  2. Gangopadhyay, Shubhashis & Ramaswami, Bharat & Wadhwa, Wilima, 2005. "Reducing subsidies on household fuels in India: how will it affect the poor?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(18), pages 2326-2336, December.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpot:0504001. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (EconWPA)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.