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Bifurcations in Continuous-Time Macroeconomic Systems

  • William A. Barnett

    (Washington University in St. Louis)

  • Yijun He

    (Washington University in St. Louis)

This research investigates bifurcation phenomena in a continuous-time model of the United Kingdom. We use the Bergstrom, Nowman, and Wymer continuous-time dynamic macroeconometric model of the UK economy. We find that bifurcations are important with this model for understanding the dynamic properties of the system and for determining which parameters are the most important to those dynamic properties. We have discovered that both saddle-node bifurcations and Hopf bifurcations indeed exist with this model within the model's region of plausible parameter settings. We find that the existence of Hopf bifurcations is particularly useful, since those bifurcations may provide explanations for some cyclical phenomena in the macroeconomy. We further design numerical algorithms to locate the bifurcation boundaries, which we display in three dimensional color bifurcation diagrams. A notable and perhaps surprising fact is that both types of bifurcation can coexist with this well-regarded UK model---in the same neighborhood of the parameter space.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 9805018.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 03 Jun 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:9805018
Note: Type of Document - Postscript Compressed; pages: 24 ; figures: included. This paper was presented by Yijun He at the annual meetings of the Society for Nonlinear Dynamics and Econometrics and has been submitted to the Society's journal, the Journal of Nonlinear Dynamics and Econometrics, which is an online journal published by MIT Press.
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  1. Nieuwenhuis, Herman J. & Schoonbeek, Lambert, 1997. "Stability and the structure of continuous-time economic models," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 311-340, July.
  2. Bergstrom, A. R. & Nowman, K. B. & Wandasiewicz, S., 1994. "Monetary and fiscal policy in a second-order continuous time macroeconometric model of the United Kingdom," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 18(3-4), pages 731-761.
  3. Gandolfo, Giancarlo & Padoan, Pietro Carlo, 1990. "The Italian continuous time model : Theory and empirical results," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 91-132, April.
  4. Bergstrom, A. R. & Nowman, K. B. & Wymer, C. R., 1992. "Gaussian estimation of a second order continuous time macroeconometric model of the UK," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 313-351, October.
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