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Determinants of Expenditure in Automobile Maintenance: Some Evidence from Greece


  • George C. Bitros

    (Athens University of Economics & Business)


This paper derives a model of maintenance expenditures from an analytical framework in which maintenance, utilization and service life are appropriately integrated and estimates it with the help of automobile data from Greece. On the theoretical plain it is shown that the model allows endogenously for most of the variables that have been identified in the relevant literature as important determinants of maintenance expenditures. Also the model yields sharp sign predictions for the included variables and by doing so it sheds considerable light on sev-eral outstanding issues in this area. On the empirical plain it is found that: a) the best func-tional form is obtained when the model is estimated using Box-Cox power transformed vari-ables in conjunction with the pooled data of the sample and country specific dummy variables to allow for shifts in the intercepts; b) the reported amounts of outlays for automobile mainte-nance are positively related to the automobile’s age, salvage value and intensity of utilization, and c) Italian cars are most demanding in maintenance outlays, followed by cars from France, Germany and Other Countries, which turn out to be roughly equally expensive, and, lastly, by cars made in Japan which appear to be the least expensive to maintain. However, the elastic-ities of maintenance expenditures with respect to these three variables follow exactly the re-verse order, so car buyers face a choice between cars with high levels of maintenance and low elasticities, and vice versa.

Suggested Citation

  • George C. Bitros, 2004. "Determinants of Expenditure in Automobile Maintenance: Some Evidence from Greece," Macroeconomics 0411007, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0411007 Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 23

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Victor Ginsburgh & Yves Mertens, 1985. "Product differentiation and discrimination in the European Community: the case of automobiles," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/1755, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    2. Mertens, Yves & Ginsburgh, Victor, 1985. "Product Differentiation and Price Discrimination in the European Community: The Case of Automobiles," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(2), pages 151-166, December.
    3. Eastwood, David B & Anderson, Robert C, 1976. "Consumer Credit and Consumer Demand for Automobiles," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 31(1), pages 113-123, March.
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    More about this item


    maintenance; utilization; service life; maintenance and car accidents; multiple car ownership;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment

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    This item is featured on the following reading lists or Wikipedia pages:
    1. Studies on the automobile industry


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