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Una Aproximación No Lineal A La Relación Inflación– Crecimiento Económico: Un Estudio Para América Latina

Author

Listed:
  • Marcelo Ochoa

    (Banco Mundial)

  • Walter Orellana

    (Banco Central de Bolivia)

Abstract

Existe un amplio consenso del efecto adverso de altas tasas de inflación sobre el crecimiento económico, no obstante, no existe pleno acuerdo en cuanto al efecto de tasas de inflación moderadas. Este trabajo re- examina la relación entre la inflación y el crecimiento en una muestra de nueve países de América Latina utilizando nuevas técnicas econométricas apropiadas para la evaluación e inferencia de relaciones no lineales. Los resultados de la investigación confirman la existencia de una relación no lineal entre ambas variables encontrando que tasas de inflación superiores a 17% ocasionan una contracción en la tasa de crecimiento del producto, pero tienen un efecto positivo cuando no superan este nivel. Sin embargo, el amplio intervalo de confianza encontrado para el punto de quiebre sugiere cautela al momento de hacer recomendaciones de política económica. Tasas de inflación mayores al 9%, dependiendo el país, podrían tener efectos adversos sobre el crecimiento. Cabe destacar que, de manera contraria a trabajos anteriores, los resultados encontrados se mantienen robustos ante la eliminación de observaciones extremas.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcelo Ochoa & Walter Orellana, 2002. "Una Aproximación No Lineal A La Relación Inflación– Crecimiento Económico: Un Estudio Para América Latina," GE, Growth, Math methods 0211003, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpge:0211003
    Note: Type of Document - None; prepared on IBM PC ; to print on Any/Letter Size; pages: 37 ; figures: included/request from author/draw your own. For any questions or comments please contact Marcelo Ochoa (mochoa1@worldbank.org)
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflación; crecimiento; América Latina; datos de panel;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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