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Human capital, fertility and growth under borrowing constraints

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  • Author ERasmo Papagni

    (University of Naples II)

Abstract

In this paper we investigate economic growth in economies where households face liquidity constraints, and young agents rely on the family to finance their investments in education. We analyze the type of family aid in which youths can borrow because their parents guarantee the loan repayment with their income. In an OLG model of economic growth, it is shown how multiple equilibria can arise. A stable trap of low-development is characterized by high fertility rates and low investment in human capital. On the other hand, economies with a sufficiently low starting rate of fertility grow according to a process that may describe a demographic transition. In this case, borrowing constraints gradually vanish and the process of growth reaches a steady state characterized by the optimality of fertility and schooling choices. Econometric evidence on the significant roles of family income and size, and credit constraints among the determinants of international secondary school enrollment rates is provided to support the main hypotheses of the model.

Suggested Citation

  • Author ERasmo Papagni, 2002. "Human capital, fertility and growth under borrowing constraints," GE, Growth, Math methods 0205001, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 May 2002.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpge:0205001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Clemens, 2004. "The Long Walk to School: International Education Goals in Historical Perspective," Working Papers 37, Center for Global Development.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    OLG; Human capital; Multiple equilibria;

    JEL classification:

    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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