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Valuing Joint Ventures Using Real Options

  • Ulrich Pape

    (ESCP-EAP European School of Management Berlin)

  • Stephan Schmidt-Tank

    (ESCP-EAP European School of Management Berlin)

As the valuation of strategic measures becomes increasingly important, relatively few articles have discussed the valuation methods pertained for joint ventures. This paper shows that real options contribute to a better valuation of joint venture projects through superior reflection of the value drivers compared to traditional valuation methodology. Particularly, the strategic value of a joint venture and the value of flexibility that stems from a less than full commitment can be determined using options valuation. Besides reviewing the basics of real options, the paper discusses the key levers of joint ventures and shows the power of real options in the valuation process. We apply four option types (option to defer, option to expand/acquisition option, option to innovate, and option to abandon) to an imaginary joint venture example and show how to use the Black/Scholes and binomial valuation techniques to value these options. Of the four option types, particularly the option to innovate is important, as it allows to reflect the strategic value of a joint venture generating future business opportunities. Despite its advantages, this valuation methodology also has some drawbacks that are discussed in the concluding section.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Finance with number 0503030.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 31 Mar 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:0503030
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 32. Working Paper Nr. 7, ESCP- EAP Europäische Wirtschaftshochschule Berlin, September 2004.
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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  1. Pindyck, Robert S., 1990. "Irreversibility, uncertainty, and investment," Working papers 3137-90., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  2. Saman Majd & Robert S. Pindyck, 1985. "Time to Build, Option Value, and Investment Decisions," NBER Working Papers 1654, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Buckley, Adrian & Tse, Kalun & Rijken, Herbert & Eijgenhuijsen, Hans, 2002. "Stock Market Valuation with Real Options:: lessons from Netscape," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 512-526, October.
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  17. Peter J Buckley & Mark Casson, 1996. "An Economic Model of International Joint Venture Strategy," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 27(5), pages 849-876, December.
  18. Linda Longfellow Blodgett, 1991. "Partner Contributions as Predictors of Equity Share in International Joint Ventures," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 22(1), pages 63-78, March.
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