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Bidder Asymmetry in Takeover Contests: The Role of Deal Protection Devices

Author

Listed:
  • Paul Povel

    (University of Minnesota)

  • Rajdeep Singh

    (University of Minnesota)

Abstract

We analyze how a takeover contest should optimally be designed. Our key assumption is that not all bidders are equally well informed about a target's value. We present a three-stage sequential procedure which is optimal in such a setting. In this procedure, the target first offers an exclusive deal to a better informed bidder, without considering a less well informed bidder. If rejected, the target may offer an exclusive deal to the less well informed bidder and ignore the better informed bidder; or it may encourage every bidder to participate in a modified first-price auction. If the sequential procedure is used, increased bidder asymmetry is beneficial for target shareholders. We also find that target shareholders benefit if bidders are trade buyers and not financial buyers.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Povel & Rajdeep Singh, 2003. "Bidder Asymmetry in Takeover Contests: The Role of Deal Protection Devices," Finance 0311011, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:0311011
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    File URL: https://econwpa.ub.uni-muenchen.de/econ-wp/fin/papers/0311/0311011.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    4. Singh, Rajdeep, 1998. "Takeover Bidding with Toeholds: The Case of the Owner's Curse," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 11(4), pages 679-704.
    5. Burkart, Mike, 1995. " Initial Shareholdings and Overbidding in Takeover Contests," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(5), pages 1491-1515, December.
    6. Jeremy Bulow & Ming Huang & Paul Klemperer, 1999. "Toeholds and Takeovers," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 427-454, June.
    7. Eric Maskin & John Riley, 2000. "Asymmetric Auctions," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 67(3), pages 413-438.
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    14. Cantillon, Estelle, 2008. "The effect of bidders' asymmetries on expected revenue in auctions," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 1-25, January.
    15. Berkovitch, Elazar & Khanna, Naveen, 1990. " How Target Shareholders Benefit from Value-Reducing Defensive Strategies in Takeovers," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(1), pages 137-156, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Takeovers; asymmetric information; lock-ups; termination fees; poison pills; bidder exclusivity;

    JEL classification:

    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • D44 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Auctions

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