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How Target Shareholders Benefit from Value-Reducing Defensive Strategies in Takeovers

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  • Berkovitch, Elazar
  • Khanna, Naveen

Abstract

This paper shows that target shareholders can be made better-off through the use of certain types of defensive strategies that reduce the value of the target by different amounts for different bidders. In many cases, simply the threat of such strategies can make target shareholders better-off. Therefore, empirical tests based on stock price reactions at the adoption of defensive strategies may be underestimating the effect of such strategies. The paper also identifies the necessary characteristics that make these strategies effective and shows that many observed defenses possess similar properties. Copyright 1990 by American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Berkovitch, Elazar & Khanna, Naveen, 1990. " How Target Shareholders Benefit from Value-Reducing Defensive Strategies in Takeovers," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(1), pages 137-156, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:45:y:1990:i:1:p:137-56
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:jbfina:v:88:y:2018:i:c:p:97-112 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Naveen Khanna, 1997. "Optimal Bidding For Tender Offers," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 20(3), pages 323-342, September.
    3. Jin Q Jeon & Cheolwoo Lee, 2014. "Effective Post-Signing Market Check or Window Dressing? The Role of Go-Shop Provisions in M&A Transactions," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(1-2), pages 210-241, January.
    4. S. Rosenkranz & U. Weitzel, 2005. "Bargaining in Mergers: The Role of Outside Options and Termination Provisions," Working Papers 05-32, Utrecht School of Economics.
    5. Paul Povel & Rajdeep Singh, 2003. "Bidder Asymmetry in Takeover Contests: The Role of Deal Protection Devices," Finance 0311011, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Rosenkranz, Stephanie & Weitzel, Utz, 2007. "Bargaining in Mergers and Termination Fees," CEPR Discussion Papers 6210, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Yeon-Koo Che & Tracy R. Lewis, 2007. "The role of lockups in takeover contests," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 38(3), pages 648-669, September.
    8. Sharon Hannes, 2006. "A Demand-Side Theory of Antitakeover Defenses," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 35(2), pages 475-524, June.
    9. James M. Mahoney & Chamu Sundaramurthy & Joseph T. Mahoney, 1995. "The differential impact on stockholder wealth of various antitakeover provisions," Research Paper 9512, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    10. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:1315-1326 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:eee:jfinec:v:126:y:2017:i:3:p:614-634 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Carline, Nicholas F. & Linn, Scott C. & Yadav, Pradeep K., 2014. "Corporate governance and the nature of takeover resistance," CFR Working Papers 14-01, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).

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