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Tourism and Growth: Evidence for Spain and Italy

  • Isabel Cortes-Jimenez

    ()

  • Manuela Pulina

    ()

International tourism is a major foreign exchange earner and a principal export for many low income countries as well as for developed ones. Nowadays many developing countries focus economic policies on promoting international tourism as a potential source of economic growth for the country However, the understanding of the relationship between exports and economic growth is still ongoing and, while cross-section studies support the hypothesis that exports promote growth, time series studies have been less conclusive. This paper has the objective to assess if exports and tourism have really promoted growth at an aggregated level for the two main developed countries in the Mediterranean area, namely Italy and Spain, that represent important countries regarding the expansion of tourism. The methodology applied in this work is a cointegration methodology and the Granger causality test.

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File URL: http://www-sre.wu-wien.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa06/papers/128.pdf
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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa06p128.

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Date of creation: Aug 2006
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa06p128
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  1. Judith A. Giles & Cara L. Williams, 2000. "Export-Led Growth: A Survey of the Empirical Literature and Some Noncausality Results, Part 1," Econometrics Working Papers 0001, Department of Economics, University of Victoria.
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  9. Jacint Balaguer & Manuel Cantavella-Jordá, 2000. "Tourism As A Long-Run Economic Growth Factor: The Spanish Case," Working Papers. Serie EC 2000-10, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
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  17. Khalid Yousif Khalafalla & Alan Webb, 2001. "Export-led growth and structural change: evidence from Malaysia," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(13), pages 1703-1715.
  18. Titus Awokuse, 2005. "Exports, economic growth and causality in Korea," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(11), pages 693-696.
  19. Lokman Gunduz & Abdulnasser Hatemi-J, 2005. "Is the tourism-led growth hypothesis valid for Turkey?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(8), pages 499-504.
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  22. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
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