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The Evolving Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 in Four African Countries


  • Furbush,Ann
  • Josephson,Anna Leigh
  • Kilic,Talip
  • Michler,Jeffrey David


The paper provides evidence on the evolving socioeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic among households in Ethiopia, Malawi, Nigeria, and Uganda. The data allow estimating the immediate economic impacts of the pandemic, beginning in April 2020, and tracking how the situation evolved through September 2020. Although households have started to see recovery in income, business revenues, and food security, the gains have been relatively modest. Additionally, households have received very little outside assistance and their ability to cope with shocks remains limited. School closures have created a vacuum in education delivery and school-aged children have struggled to receive education services remotely.

Suggested Citation

  • Furbush,Ann & Josephson,Anna Leigh & Kilic,Talip & Michler,Jeffrey David, 2021. "The Evolving Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 in Four African Countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9556, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:9556

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. United Nations UN, 2015. "The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015," Working Papers id:7097, eSocialSciences.
    2. United Nations UN, 2015. "The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015," Working Papers id:7222, eSocialSciences.
    3. Djankov, Simeon & Panizza, Ugo (ed.), 2020. "COVID-19 in Developing Economies," Vox eBooks, Centre for Economic Policy Research, number p330.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paul,Boban Varghese & Finn,Arden Jeremy & Chaudhary,Sarang & Mayer Gukovas,Renata & Sundaram,Ramya, 2021. "COVID-19, Poverty, and Social Safety Net Response in Zambia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9571, The World Bank.
    2. Joanna Upton & Elizabeth Tennant & Kathryn J. Fiorella & Christopher B. Barrett, 2023. "COVID-19, Household Resilience, and Rural Food Systems: Evidence from Southern and Eastern Africa," Palgrave Studies in Agricultural Economics and Food Policy, in: Christophe Béné & Stephen Devereux (ed.), Resilience and Food Security in a Food Systems Context, chapter 0, pages 281-320, Palgrave Macmillan.
    3. Esther Gehrke & Friederike Lenel & Claudia Schupp, 2023. "COVID-19 Crisis, Economic Hardships, and Schooling Outcomes," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 18(3), pages 522-546, Summer.
    4. Elena Serfilippi & Daniele Giovannucci & David Ameyaw & Ankur Bansal & Thomas Asafua Nketsia Wobill & Roberta Blankson & Rashi Mishra, 2022. "Benefits and Challenges of Making Data More Agile: A Review of Recent Key Approaches in Agriculture," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(24), pages 1-18, December.
    5. Gern, Klaus-Jürgen & Lück, Ole & Meuchelböck, Saskia, 2021. "Covid-19 in Africa and its impact on the economy," Kiel Policy Brief 158, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel).
    6. Calogero Carletto, 2021. "Better data, higher impact: improving agricultural data systems for societal change [Correlated non-classical measurement errors, ‘second best’ policy inference, and the inverse size-productivity r," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 48(4), pages 719-740.
    7. Judith Kabajulizi, 2023. "The macroeconomic implications of disease pandemics in developing countries: An application of Covid‐19 in Uganda," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(6), pages 1254-1286, August.
    8. Joshua Brubaker & Talip Kilic & Philip Wollburg, 2021. "Representativeness of individual-level data in COVID-19 phone surveys: Findings from Sub-Saharan Africa," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 16(11), pages 1-27, November.
    9. Gourlay, Sydney & Kilic, Talip & Martuscelli, Antonio & Wollburg, Philip & Zezza, Alberto, 2021. "Viewpoint: High-frequency phone surveys on COVID-19: Good practices, open questions," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C).
    10. Edward Miguel & Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, 2021. "The Economics of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poor Countries," NBER Working Papers 29339, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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