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Housekeeping and plumbing - the investability of emerging markets

Author

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  • Ladekarl, Jeppe
  • Zervos, Sara

Abstract

The authors look at the investment allocation process employed by portfolio investors in emerging markets. In particular, they examine the first of a two-stage decision process: first, investors create a subset of countries with investments potential, to be analyzed later in further detail; second, they weigh expected returns versus risk and subsequently allocate their funds. The authors hypothesize that the determination of whether a country has potential investment opportunities, or not is influenced by a number of factors, especially related to size, quality of"housekeeping,"(macroeconomic policies, political economy, local financial markets, corporate governance, and so on), and efficiency of"plumbing"(legal and regulatory framework, custody, clearing and settlement, taxes, and so on). By interviewing many types of these investors in both the United States and the United Kingdom, the authors delve into their decision-making processes, as well as attempt to uncover the factors they indicate, matter most in defining the"investment opportunities"universe. They determine the relative importance of such housekeeping, and plumbing factors while highlighting the role of external issues, such as index benchmarking and U.S. foreign policy. The authors recognize from the outset that the most profound effects on investment flows, or the required minimum expected returns, arise from improvements or deteriorations in macroeconomic policies. However, at the margin, improvements can be made in country policies that will, for a given macroeconomic situation, improve the ability of a country to attract international investment flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Ladekarl, Jeppe & Zervos, Sara, 2004. "Housekeeping and plumbing - the investability of emerging markets," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3229, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3229
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Shang-Jin Wei & R. G Gelos, 2002. "Transparency and International Investor Behavior," IMF Working Papers 02/174, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Brennan, Michael J & Cao, H Henry, 1997. " International Portfolio Investment Flows," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(5), pages 1851-1880, December.
    3. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R, 1995. " Time-Varying World Market Integration," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(2), pages 403-444, June.
    4. Froot, Kenneth A. & Tjornhom Donohue, Jessica, 2002. "The persistence of emerging market equity flows," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 338-364, December.
    5. Bekaert, G. & Harvey, C. R. & Lumsdaine, R. L., 2002. "The dynamics of emerging market equity flows," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 295-350, June.
    6. Geert Bekaert & Campbell R. Harvey, 2000. "Capital Flows and the Behavior of Emerging Market Equity Returns," NBER Chapters,in: Capital Flows and the Emerging Economies: Theory, Evidence, and Controversies, pages 159-194 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Bohn, Henning & Tesar, Linda L, 1996. "U.S. Equity Investment in Foreign Markets: Portfolio Rebalancing or Return Chasing?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 77-81, May.
    8. Bekaert, Geert, 1995. "Market Integration and Investment Barriers in Emerging Equity Markets," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 9(1), pages 75-107, January.
    9. Choe, Hyuk & Kho, Bong-Chan & Stulz, Rene M., 1999. "Do foreign investors destabilize stock markets? The Korean experience in 1997," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 227-264, October.
    10. Kaminsky,Graciela & Lyons,Richard K. & Schmukler,Sergio L., 2001. "Mutual fund investment in emerging markets - an overview," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2529, The World Bank.
    11. Aggarwal, Reena & Klapper, Leora & Wysocki, Peter D., 2005. "Portfolio preferences of foreign institutional investors," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(12), pages 2919-2946, December.
    12. Poonam Gupta & James P. F. Gordon, 2003. "Portfolio Flows Into India; Do Domestic Fundamentals Matter?," IMF Working Papers 03/20, International Monetary Fund.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Augusto de la Torre & Sergio Schmukler, 2007. "Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization: The Latin American Experience," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 349, January.
    2. Groh, Alexander Peter & Wich, Matthias, 2012. "Emerging economies' attraction of foreign direct investment," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 210-229.
    3. Augusto De La Torre & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2004. "Whither Latin American Capital Markets?," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 25933, July.
    4. Friedman, Felice B. & Grose, Claire, 2006. "Promoting access to primary equity markets : a legal and regulatory approach," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3892, The World Bank.
    5. Augusto de la Torre & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2007. "Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization : The Latin American Experience," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7187, September.

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