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The impact of policy announcements and news on capital markets : crisis management in Argentina during the Tequila Effect

  • Ganapolsky, Eduardo J. J.
  • Schmukler, Sergio L.

Argentina was hit hard by the Mexican crisis of 1994-95. The Argentine peso came under attack and there was a run on bank deposits. Argentina'successfully announced a series of policies to mitigate the spillover effects, without abandoning its currency board. The authors show how capital markets reacted to each policy announcement and piece of breaking news. They find that Argentina's agreement with the International Monetary Fund, the dollarization of reserve deposits in the central bank, and the reduction in reserve requirements, among other things, had a strong positive impact on market returns. The market welcomed announcements that reflected the adoption of credible policies and demonstrated a firm commitment to the currency board. The authors also find that, after a period of higher volatility, the appointment of a new finance minister (after Domingo Cavallo left the finance ministry) calmed down stock and bond markets, significantly decreasing the variance in stock and bond market returns. On the other hand, the interest rate became more volatile after the appointment of the new finance minister and when reserve requirements were lowered.

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Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1951.

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Date of creation: 31 Jul 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1951
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  1. Harvey, Campbell R & Huang, Roger D, 1991. "Volatility in the Foreign Currency Futures Market," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 4(3), pages 543-69.
  2. Jeffrey Frankel & Sergio Schmukler, 1996. "Crisis, contagion, and country funds: effects on East Asia and Latin America," Pacific Basin Working Paper Series 96-04, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  3. Charles M. Jones & Owen Lamont & Robin Lumsdaine, 1996. "Public Information and the Persistence of Bond Market Volatility," NBER Working Papers 5446, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Tim Bollerslev & Jeffrey M. Wooldridge, 1988. "Quasi-Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Dynamic Models with Time-Varying Covariances," Working papers 505, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  5. Reinhart, Carmen & Calvo, Sara, 1996. "Capital Flows to Latin America: Is There Evidence of Contagion Effects?”," MPRA Paper 7124, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Berry, Thomas D & Howe, Keith M, 1994. " Public Information Arrival," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(4), pages 1331-46, September.
  7. Hardouvelis, Gikas A., 1988. "Economic news, exchange rates and interest rates," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 23-35, March.
  8. Ederington, Louis H & Lee, Jae Ha, 1993. " How Markets Process Information: News Releases and Volatility," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(4), pages 1161-91, September.
  9. Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-80, November.
  10. Eichengreen, Barry & Rose, Andrew K & Wyplosz, Charles, 1996. "Contagious Currency Crises," CEPR Discussion Papers 1453, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Rodrigo Valdés, 1997. "Emerging Market Contagion: Evidence and Theory," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 07, Central Bank of Chile.
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